Street-cleaning in Philly
More than 15 years after long-struggling Philadelphia elected sometime reformer Ed Rendell mayor, the City of Brotherly Love has more murders per year than New York City, with just one-sixth the population.
But now it looks as if Philly may at last be ready to embrace change. Democrat mayoral nominee Michael Nutter won a closely contested primary with the endorsement of every significant newspaper and good-government group in a climate in which a majority of voters, not just for the general election but even in the Democrats' primary, have identified crime as their No. 1 concern. (The general election is usually a formality in a city that hasn't elected a Republican mayor since 1941.)
A longtime foe of current Mayor John Street, Nutter, a councilman since 1991, enjoys a reputation for seriousness and solid ethics -- he introduced the legislation that created the city's first ethics board -- in a town famously short on both.
Nutter ran on a platform of lowering the extremely high tax and crime rates that have driven businesses and the middle class out of the city. That's hardly the usual formula in a primary often decided by municipal workers, most of whom, by law, must live in the city and who thus make up the largest electoral bloc.
Nutter has the kind of reform agenda that people wrongly associate with Rendell, who entered office with a mandate for change and a city teetering on bankruptcy. Rendell immediately went to battle with the city's powerful unions, which "hadn't had a bad day in 30 years," he charged.
After winning significant concessions, though, Rendell aligned himself with Street, then the city council president. Rendell took care of downtown, which thrived, while Street ran the rest of the city as his private patronage kingdom.
With his eye on higher office and his reputation secure, Rendell chose not to pursue the reforms that other innovative mayors enacted in the 1990s. He opposed welfare reform and did little to fight crime outside of downtown. Despite its beautiful architecture and skyline, Philly's a city where a 10-minute walk from City Hall leaves you in Third World poverty, danger, and despair.
When the still-popular Rendell left the mayor's office in 1999 to head up the Democratic National Committee, Street, who's black, ran for mayor with his endorsement, winning by just 8,000 votes in a race against a white Republican foe, Sam Katz. Street's first term was marked by graft and a series of colorful scandals, all of which led Katz to oppose him again four years later.
It seemed that rising frustration with Street theater -- his declarations that "the brothers are running the city now" and that "you have to pay to play" -- might shake out the handful of votes that Katz needed. Street trailed in polls.
But then came the incident that allowed Street to portray himself as a victim of Republican racism. With great fanfare, he announced that he'd found a bug in his office, which turned out to have been planted by the FBI as part of an ongoing corruption investigation. He then proceeded to solidify his support among black voters on the "at-least-he's-our-bum" theory of leadership perfected by former Washington, D.C., Mayor Marion Barry.
Street spent the rest of the campaign bragging that he was just playing the game as it had always been played; in one debate, he cheerfully acknowledged that contracts went to friends first, just as under his white predecessors. Whom else would he give them to• His enemies?
Meanwhile, the city's already out-of-control crime rate kept climbing. Murders rose from 330 in 2004 to 406 in 2006, and have gone up at a higher rate this year, even as crime continues to decline in big cities nationwide.
Time magazine rated Street one of America's three worst mayors in 2005. Philadelphia seems to have come to the same conclusion in the recent primary. Nutter won over Street's opposition.
In some ways, Nutter inherits an easy job: He has plenty of low-hanging fruit to pluck by taking steps that other cities took years ago to reduce crime and cut taxes. Still, his proposal for an NYPD-like stop-and-frisk crime plan has met a ferocious response from the organized interests that have portrayed him as "not black enough" -- Nutter's reply: "I have a civil right not to be shot" -- and a high-profile incident early on would be disastrous.
Nutter also has a rough road ahead in throwing the elected bums out, as he's promised to do, since he'll need their support to change the laws governing their own behavior.
And, of course, Philadelphia has elected reformers before who've failed to survive its cut-throat political culture -- most recently Rendell, who accomplished just enough to be elected governor but left the city little better off than he found it.
But if there's hope for Philly, it lies in Michael Nutter's breaking the political compact that goes back to Rendell and Street, in which Center City and the university neighborhoods remain safe and well patrolled, while much of the rest of Philly takes its chances.
Harry Siegel is editor in chief of New Partisan. Fred Siegel is author of "The Prince of the City: Giuliani, New York and the Genius of American Life." A longer version of this commentary appears in the Summer 2007 issue of City Journal. Used with permission.