Calypso band is bringing more than 'Banana' songs to Thunderbird Cafe
If Americans know anything about calypso music, it's probably Harry Belafonte singing the rustic novelty “The Banana Boat Song (Day-O).”
Of course, there's a lot more to it than that.
Trinidad's foremost homegrown musical style is as addictively catchy as any across the musically fertile Caribbean. Yet, under the jaunty tropical rhythms and lingo is a combative, competitive art, where cleverness, humor and political subversion are the coin of the realm.
Calypso started out as a martial art, says Drew Gonsalves of Kobo Town, the Toronto-based band that is starting to raise the profile of calypso in North America. They're playing July 7 at the Thunderbird Cafe.
“Calypso has pretty long history, about 200 years in the making,” Gonsalves says. “Trinidad is an island, ruled by the Spanish then English, populated by French Creole-speaking people who were encouraged to migrate there. Creole reflects the marriage of the African, French and English elements. After emancipation, the neighborhoods around Port-of-Spain swelled with people, who brought the folk-music traditions from plantation society.
“One of the things they brought was a stick-fighting martial art called calinda, which was accompanied by music. When there would be a duel, there would also be a war of words. Someone would sing the taunts and boasts. ... You see the remnants of this in the fearsome sobriquets that calypso singers developed: Mighty Destroyer, Lord Invader, et cetera.”
Gonsalves looks like a typical North American rock band's guitar-slinger — until he opens his mouth. Then the lilting patois of his Trinidadian upbringing takes over. Son of a Canadian mother and father from Trinidad, he moved to Canada as a teenager after they divorced. Calypso was everywhere in Trinidad, but he didn't really start paying attention to it until he moved to Canada.
“It tells the history of Trinidad, all its scandals and triumphs like nothing else,” Gonsalves says. “I started going back every year to visit my father. He took me to Lord Kitchener's calypso tent (venue). The performances really blew me away. There was almost a conversational, pattering relationship with the audience, very topical. Luckily, I had been reading the newspaper and could catch all the references to the minister of education, and so on.”
He was especially amazed to see that some of the public figures who were being skewered and satirized were actually in the audience, laughing and clapping.
“In a way, (calypso singers) are almost like the fool or court jester at the king's court — allowed to get away with saying things nobody else could get away with,” Gonsalves says.
For much of its history, there was heavy censorship of calypso, so its practitioners put a premium on subtle innuendo and hidden double-meanings.
A great example of this was the Andrews Sisters' 1945 cover of Lord Invader's song “Rum & Coca Cola.” They seemed to have no idea that it was about the surge in prostitution accompanying American military bases in Trinidad; it was just catchy and fun to sing.
Calypso also was an important source of news.
“I heard from an old man that calypso singers would ride around in trucks and come by and sing the news, with a lot of gossip and commentary thrown in,” Gonsalves says. “There's one about a sanitation law meant to combat malaria, one about when the Graf Zeppelin flew over Port-of-Spain — which lapses into a reflection about modern technology. When Italy invaded Ethiopia, there were whole albums about that.”
In Toronto, one of the most diverse cities in the world, there's a strong calypso scene — but also every other style of music under the sun. Kobo Town draws from roots, reggae and other music, too. But that's well within the calypso tradition.
“Calypso has always devoured songs from other places, like big-band jazz,” Gonsalves says. “Even in the '70s you can hear a strong disco element. It's very musically adaptable in some ways.”
Michael Machosky is a staff writer for Trib Total Media. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org or 412-320-7901.
Show commenting policy
TribLive commenting policy
You are solely responsible for your comments and by using TribLive.com you agree to our Terms of Service.
We moderate comments. Our goal is to provide substantive commentary for a general readership. By screening submissions, we provide a space where readers can share intelligent and informed commentary that enhances the quality of our news and information.
While most comments will be posted if they are on-topic and not abusive, moderating decisions are subjective. We will make them as carefully and consistently as we can. Because of the volume of reader comments, we cannot review individual moderation decisions with readers.
We value thoughtful comments representing a range of views that make their point quickly and politely. We make an effort to protect discussions from repeated comments either by the same reader or different readers.
We follow the same standards for taste as the daily newspaper. A few things we won't tolerate: personal attacks, obscenity, vulgarity, profanity (including expletives and letters followed by dashes), commercial promotion, impersonations, incoherence, proselytizing and SHOUTING. Don't include URLs to Web sites.
We do not edit comments. They are either approved or deleted. We reserve the right to edit a comment that is quoted or excerpted in an article. In this case, we may fix spelling and punctuation.
We welcome strong opinions and criticism of our work, but we don't want comments to become bogged down with discussions of our policies and we will moderate accordingly.
We appreciate it when readers and people quoted in articles or blog posts point out errors of fact or emphasis and will investigate all assertions. But these suggestions should be sent via e-mail. To avoid distracting other readers, we won't publish comments that suggest a correction. Instead, corrections will be made in a blog post or in an article.
- Lake Street Dive goes down smooth at Hartwood Acres
- Review ‘Cage Variations,’ performed by Pittsburgh New Music Ensemble, takes the long way around a short subject
- New synthesizers make sounds musicians want
- Parrot Heads reflect on carefree Buffett concert culture
- Pop star Katy Perry’s chart-topping style heavy on fireworks, elaborate costumes
- Reviews: Sean Jones’ latest is top-notch work
- Camera Obscura back, focusing on the melancholy
- New Music Ensemble builds weekend around ‘Cage Variations’
- Conductor Lorin Maazel, former PSO music director, dies at 84
- Former PSO conductor Maazel leaves a great legacy