Energy, production change prospects
President Obama says the trade deficit is shrinking. According to the Department of Commerce, the deficit did shrink for 2012 but expanded again slightly this year.
Nevertheless, the overall improvement in the past two years does point to a potential major change in America's trade balance. Major change in the prospects of an economy of America's relative size could have a profound effect on the world and the relative strength of the dollar.
The Treasury's expenditures of more than $1 trillion a year to buy bonds has effectively boosted the prices of assets like stock, bonds and real estate. Americans are now richer in aggregate than ever. According to the Federal Reserve, the aggregate wealth of households and nonprofit organizations rose to $74.821 trillion on June 30. That is almost 50 percent larger than the world's total annual production.
However, this vast wealth has been accumulated largely by the relatively rich 1 percent who can afford to buy assets. Wages have stagnated, creating a widening and politically dangerous wealth gap. One side effect of this continued flat income of ordinary Americans is that it keeps inflation muted.
Other nations eye America's giant consumer market with envy. They fight hard, even devaluing their currencies, to compete for lucrative U.S. sales.
Two macro trends are working to reverse the trade deficit substantially and, in aggregate, make Americans even richer.
The first trend is increasing energy self-sufficiency and rising energy export earnings.
America possesses vast natural resources. Energy exploration technologies such as fracking and horizontal drilling have unearthed viable sources of domestic oil and natural gas. The latter can be liquefied and transported overseas where it sells for four times more than here, even after costs.
A handful of American LNG export terminals have been approved by the Department of Energy, and more than 25 terminals await planning permission, according to the latest federal information. Given the U.S. spot price for LNG, the export earnings potential becomes clear.
In addition, American oil companies are moving to export higher value-added specialty fossil fuel byproducts. This will boost energy export earnings further.
The second macro factor boosting potential export earnings is the fact that manufacturing is being “reshored” to America.
Labor costs are rising in Far Eastern nations, even in China. In America, high labor costs have driven manufacturers toward embracing revolutionary technologies including robotics, 3-D printing and more advanced IT planning and control systems.
Because energy prices are a key element of production costs, falling prices for LNG are encouraging U.S. and foreign manufacturers to establish production facilities here.
If U.S. politicians continue to allow domestic business leaders to reduce energy costs and finished goods imports while boosting exports, America's trade deficit could turn into a massive surplus. Over time, this will further strengthen the value of the dollar and the living standards of Americans.
John Browne, a former member of Britain's Parliament, is a financial and economics columnist for Trib Total Media. Contact him at email@example.com.
Show commenting policy
TribLive commenting policy
You are solely responsible for your comments and by using TribLive.com you agree to our Terms of Service.
We moderate comments. Our goal is to provide substantive commentary for a general readership. By screening submissions, we provide a space where readers can share intelligent and informed commentary that enhances the quality of our news and information.
While most comments will be posted if they are on-topic and not abusive, moderating decisions are subjective. We will make them as carefully and consistently as we can. Because of the volume of reader comments, we cannot review individual moderation decisions with readers.
We value thoughtful comments representing a range of views that make their point quickly and politely. We make an effort to protect discussions from repeated comments either by the same reader or different readers.
We follow the same standards for taste as the daily newspaper. A few things we won't tolerate: personal attacks, obscenity, vulgarity, profanity (including expletives and letters followed by dashes), commercial promotion, impersonations, incoherence, proselytizing and SHOUTING. Don't include URLs to Web sites.
We do not edit comments. They are either approved or deleted. We reserve the right to edit a comment that is quoted or excerpted in an article. In this case, we may fix spelling and punctuation.
We welcome strong opinions and criticism of our work, but we don't want comments to become bogged down with discussions of our policies and we will moderate accordingly.
We appreciate it when readers and people quoted in articles or blog posts point out errors of fact or emphasis and will investigate all assertions. But these suggestions should be sent via e-mail. To avoid distracting other readers, we won't publish comments that suggest a correction. Instead, corrections will be made in a blog post or in an article.
- Reliever Holdzkom among three players cut by Pirates
- Rolling Stones roll into Heinz Field June 20
- Pirates again approach Polanco about contract extension
- Former Pa. Gov. Corbett: From pension critic to collector
- Worker trapped in trench collapse in Butler County is freed
- Injuries to Penguins’ Ehrhoff, Letang force defense to pick up slack
- Five is enough for Penguins’ defensemen
- Reversing the field: Pirates continue to raid Yankees for hidden skill
- Laurel Mountain Ski Resort discusses planned revival
- Pgh. International leader strives to inject Pittsburgh flavor into airport
- Steelers’ Tomlin, Pirates’ Hurdle share similar philosophy