Antitheft system a demon
Published: Friday, Jan. 11, 2013, 8:58 p.m.
Q I own a 1998 Pontiac Grand Am SE. She has 242,000 miles on her. Recently the theft light comes on, blinks and then stays on. Sometimes the car will die starting up, then it may start up and run fine. Sometimes the light will stay on, and other times the light will go out.
I was told that this was a safety feature GM installed, although a cheap one, to prevent stolen vehicles. I was wondering if this is something I can fix or disable myself. I have an aftermarket alarm system that has been installed on this vehicle since 2000. That has keyless entry, which I use regularly.
I was told by one person that buying a new battery for my clicker would solve the problem. Another person told me I have a bad fuse that needs to be replaced, and another said I could disable the system by cutting a yellow wire running from my ignition switch. Can you help me? I depend on my vehicle for my job and drive some distance every day. What can I do?
A Your Grand Am employs GM's Passlock antitheft system, which is known for causing intermittent starting headaches and big repair bills to fix it. A sensor in the steering column determines the ignition lock cylinder has successfully rotated, which requires the correct key. This creates an electrical output to the antitheft brains in the instrument panel cluster, which then sends an “OK” handshake to the powertrain control module. That allows normal function of the fuel injectors. Should an ignition switch input occur without the accompanying sensor signal — perhaps if a hammer, pliers, and screwdriver are used to rotate the lock cylinder — no IPC/PCM handshake occurs. The fuel injectors are cut off, causing the engine to start then stall, and the theft deterrent light is illuminated.
In many cases, it seems the system forgets the lock cylinder sensor's code and a relearn procedure restores operation. This is performed by leaving the ignition switch in the run position with the engine stationary for 10 minutes or until the indicator light shuts off. Try multiple times as needed. In the event of a starts-stalls episode, this offers the best chance of driving again.
Diagnosis of a repetitive problem such as yours is best done by a pro, using a Tech-2 scan tool. Rather cryptic information gleaned from the body control module's data list, along with any diagnostic trouble codes — these won't illuminate the check engine light — can narrow the search to the lock sensor, instrument panel cluster, PCM or wiring between.
Some folks report success bypassing the system by tampering with the sensor circuit. A resistor is spliced into the circuit — don't simply cut the yellow wire. A more sure way of putting this demonic system in its place is to bypass it completely with a counterfeit PCM handshake. I have not personally installed or validated such a product but it's worth looking at.
Your aftermarket alarm system makes me nervous, but doesn't appear to be involved in this issue as the blinking indicator confirms a Passlock fault.
Brad Bergholdt is an automotive technology instructor at Evergreen Valley College in San Jose, Calif. Readers may send him email at firstname.lastname@example.org; he cannot make personal replies.
Show commenting policy
TribLive commenting policy
You are solely responsible for your comments and by using TribLive.com you agree to our Terms of Service.
We moderate comments. Our goal is to provide substantive commentary for a general readership. By screening submissions, we provide a space where readers can share intelligent and informed commentary that enhances the quality of our news and information.
While most comments will be posted if they are on-topic and not abusive, moderating decisions are subjective. We will make them as carefully and consistently as we can. Because of the volume of reader comments, we cannot review individual moderation decisions with readers.
We value thoughtful comments representing a range of views that make their point quickly and politely. We make an effort to protect discussions from repeated comments either by the same reader or different readers.
We follow the same standards for taste as the daily newspaper. A few things we won't tolerate: personal attacks, obscenity, vulgarity, profanity (including expletives and letters followed by dashes), commercial promotion, impersonations, incoherence, proselytizing and SHOUTING. Don't include URLs to Web sites.
We do not edit comments. They are either approved or deleted. We reserve the right to edit a comment that is quoted or excerpted in an article. In this case, we may fix spelling and punctuation.
We welcome strong opinions and criticism of our work, but we don't want comments to become bogged down with discussions of our policies and we will moderate accordingly.
We appreciate it when readers and people quoted in articles or blog posts point out errors of fact or emphasis and will investigate all assertions. But these suggestions should be sent via e-mail. To avoid distracting other readers, we won't publish comments that suggest a correction. Instead, corrections will be made in a blog post or in an article.
- Investors put squeeze on prospective homeowners’ American dreams
- How can I delete my search history on Facebook?
- Employers say friends can ease work stress
- Big oil pushes limits
- PNC to pay $81M to Freddie Mac to resolve problem mortgages
- CMU’s Alice software adds Garfield characters
- Pennsylvania, other states considering bids to host Boeing 777X production
- Market rebounds on strong jobs news
- Highmark eyes deal with Blue Cross company in northeast Pa.
- U.S. oil production exceeds imports for 1st time since ’95