Streaming videos draw marketers' attention
YouTube, the upstart repository of cover songs, makeup tips and cat videos, is starting to give television a run for its money.
Buoyed by breakout successes such as Psy's “Gangnam Style,” a kitschy Korean music video that racked up nearly 1.4 billion views globally to date, YouTube has turned streaming into mainstreaming, and major marketers are clamoring to leverage the medium to promote their brands. That means everything from rolling big-budget TV commercials before the latest “Harlem Shake” video to making their own content in a calculated bid to go viral.
Some 200 marketers attended a YouTube event at the Museum of Contemporary Art in Chicago earlier this month showcasing success stories, self-made video stars and strategies for reaching 800 million monthly viewers, one video at a time.
“If you're after an 18-to-34 demo, this is how they're spending their time, and there are great opportunities to work together to build brands against that audience,” said Jim Lecinski, the Chicago-based manager of national advertising sales for Google Inc., who hosted the YouTube event. “This is where it's at, so advertisers need to be there.”
Founded in 2005 as an egalitarian platform to share videos, YouTube was acquired the following year by Google Inc. for $1.65 billion in stock. More than 4 billion hours of video are consumed each month and, much like traditional television, peak viewing is during prime time, according to YouTube. Popular content includes an endless parade of unusual cinema verite captured by citizen video-graphers on ubiquitous smart phones. But comedians, musicians and aspiring filmmakers have found the medium to be a launching pad to broader success, which in turn has helped elevate YouTube into the same conversation as TV for many marketers.
Digital is the fastest-growing advertising medium, trailing only television in annual spending. This year, digital revenues are projected to reach $42.5 billion in the United States, a 14 percent increase over 2012, according to eMarketer. That represents one-quarter of total ad spending, which is growing at about a 3 percent annual rate. Paid search and banner ads dominate, accounting for about 71 percent of digital spending in 2012. Video ads generated about 8 percent of digital revenues, but are expected to grow to nearly 15 percent by 2016, according to eMarketer.
A recent study by Nielsen shows that while TV viewing is flat, streaming continues to grow, particularly among 18- to 34-year-olds. Digital video ads produced higher recall in viewers than TV ads and improved the impact of later TV viewing of the same ads, according to the study. Pre-roll ads, the commercials that appear before selected videos play, average 79 percent completion rates.
YouTube offers marketers two ways to promote their brands. The first is to place commercials in front of videos through a program called TrueView. Viewers can skip the ads after five seconds, and marketers only pay if the full ad is aired. Completion rates range from 15 to 45 percent, according to a YouTube spokeswoman.
The other way brands can leverage YouTube is through a deeper integration — developing their own content. That ranges from sponsorships, such as a concert series by American Express called “Unstaged,” to brand channels with how-to videos, quirky user-generated content and excursions into the tricky space of short-form online entertainment. While harder to quantify returns on investment, the possibility of going viral makes it a gamble worth taking for a growing number of marketers.