Energy secretary defends Obama administration's coal policies
MORGANTOWN, W.Va. — President Obama's top Energy official came to the heart of coal country on Monday to defend the administration's impact on the industry, emphasizing how it uses government scientists in the region to buoy Big Coal.
Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz told more than 300 scientists at the National Energy Technology Laboratory in Morgantown that they will help overcome some of the world's biggest challenges. The country needs to fight climate change, and the administration has put down $14 billion for research on how to cut coal pollution so coal can be environmentally friendly and competitive with other fuels.
“We have an all-of-the-above (energy) strategy. And it's real,” Moniz said during a half-hour speech shown live to other federal labs, including one in South Park. “These are decadal challenges, but to answer them on that timescale, we have no time to waste. And, again, what you all are doing here at NETL is really central to that.”
Republicans — especially in Pennsylvania and West Virginia — have led an onslaught against Obama in the past month, claiming his effort to ramp up pollution control is a “war on jobs.”
The coal industry is under threat because low natural gas and electricity prices led several plants to close rather than spend hundreds of millions of dollars to meet stiffer pollution-control requirements. That includes FirstEnergy Corp., which announced July 9 that plants in Washington and Greene counties will close in October, its third round of power-plant closings in two years.
With 1,300 employees between them, the federal energy labs in Morgantown and South Park long have been key in the quest to clean up coal. Several scientists showed off cutting-edge work they're doing to capture the carbon that burns off coal. Decades of research have led to progress, but it's still 10 to 15 years before it can work affordably for large power plants, George Richards, one of the lead researchers in Morgantown told Moniz.
That's the problem with what the Obama administration is doing, said George Ellis, a lobbyist who leads the Pennsylvania Coal Alliance in Harrisburg. If the government ramps up regulations before the industry has technology to fully and affordably adapt, coal producers will lose out when electricity providers buy power on long-term contracts. It threatens the industry, he said.
“If you listen to the president's climate change strategy (announcement) back in June, he essentially vowed to transform America's electric use away from coal,” Ellis said, saying billions in research money may not be able to overcome that. “If they're willing to defer decisions on those regs until there is technology deployable to comply with that, then it has meaning. (Otherwise) it's worthless to the coal industry.”
The industry had years to anticipate the need for better pollution controls, experts have said. It's simply losing ground in the free market, Moniz said. Appalachia's shale gas boom transformed the energy industry, leading to low prices and persuading investors to back — nearly exclusively — gas-fueled power plants and some wind and solar plants.
“Natural gas is going to dominate that market, whether we like it or not, just simply because there's now so much of it and it's so cheap, even compared to coal,” said David E. Hess, who was Department of Environmental Protection secretary under former Gov. Tom Ridge.
The government's role is to try to ensure the market has choices while pushing the country to a low-carbon economy that doesn't damage the earth's climate, Moniz said. Richards, the researcher, said he's confident the lab can one day make carbon-capture affordable enough to ensure coal stays in the mix.
“I wouldn't be coming to work in the morning if I didn't feel we had a shot of making this go,” he said.
Timothy Puko is a Trib Total Media staff writer. Reach him at 412-320-7991 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Show commenting policy
TribLive commenting policy
You are solely responsible for your comments and by using TribLive.com you agree to our Terms of Service.
We moderate comments. Our goal is to provide substantive commentary for a general readership. By screening submissions, we provide a space where readers can share intelligent and informed commentary that enhances the quality of our news and information.
While most comments will be posted if they are on-topic and not abusive, moderating decisions are subjective. We will make them as carefully and consistently as we can. Because of the volume of reader comments, we cannot review individual moderation decisions with readers.
We value thoughtful comments representing a range of views that make their point quickly and politely. We make an effort to protect discussions from repeated comments either by the same reader or different readers.
We follow the same standards for taste as the daily newspaper. A few things we won't tolerate: personal attacks, obscenity, vulgarity, profanity (including expletives and letters followed by dashes), commercial promotion, impersonations, incoherence, proselytizing and SHOUTING. Don't include URLs to Web sites.
We do not edit comments. They are either approved or deleted. We reserve the right to edit a comment that is quoted or excerpted in an article. In this case, we may fix spelling and punctuation.
We welcome strong opinions and criticism of our work, but we don't want comments to become bogged down with discussions of our policies and we will moderate accordingly.
We appreciate it when readers and people quoted in articles or blog posts point out errors of fact or emphasis and will investigate all assertions. But these suggestions should be sent via e-mail. To avoid distracting other readers, we won't publish comments that suggest a correction. Instead, corrections will be made in a blog post or in an article.
- Stop neighbors from stealing your Internet
- Small stores take big gamble by not upgrading credit card readers
- Amazon raises bar for other retailers with same-day delivery
- Yahoo investors losing patience with ‘star’ CEO Marissa Mayer
- Union leaders warn Post-Gazette newsroom of possible layoffs
- Many Black Friday deals not worth the hassle
- Shopping beacons join list of ‘next big thing’ disappointments
- Signs of steady U.S. economy: Pay, home sales up, unemployment applications down
- Nutritional supplement makers, led by GNC, want to create voluntary safety standards
- Mall stores required to open for Thanksgiving
- Smartphones expected to overtake desktops for holiday shopping