'Teflon America' shrugs off crises
NEW YORK — The federal government keeps stumbling from one budget crisis to another, but the damage never sticks.
Global investors still see it as the world's best place to park their money. Even the threat of an unprecedented government default doesn't seem to have dulled the allure of Teflon America. The 10-year Treasury note, the bedrock of the government's debt market, has attracted more money in recent weeks, not less, and the stock market is still close to record highs.
Still, the squabbling in Washington over the debt ceiling, which follows squabbling over automatic spending cuts earlier this year, is severely testing investor patience. Many fear a default would be a tipping point, sending bond and stock prices plunging.
The repeated budgetary brinkmanship is making some question their faith in the United States.
“The more times you give politicians a chance to completely muck something up, the more chance ... they will do it,” said Gary Jenkins, managing director of Swordfish Research in London. “If this were to become a regular occurrence, then, who knows?”
The Treasury has warned it will run out of money if Congress does not agree to raise a $16.7 trillion cap on borrowing by Oct. 17 and allow it to issue more debt. That has raised the specter that the nation won't be able to pay interest on its debt. Republicans say they won't allow more borrowing unless Democrats agree to restructure benefits programs or cut the deficit; the White House has ruled out negotiations tied to the debt cap.
The Treasury said a default on bond payments could freeze global credit, spike borrowing costs and trigger a collapse worse than the Great Recession. Some investors have dumped short-term Treasury bills coming due near the Oct. 17 deadline for fear they won't get paid. On Wednesday, Fidelity Investments said it has sold all those bills in their money market mutual funds.
But investors continue to buy most other Treasurys. On Wednesday, the yield on the 10-year note, which falls when investors buy, was 2.67 percent, near a two-month low.
Stocks have been drifting lower the past three weeks. Even so, the Standard and Poor's 500 index is just 4 percent below an all-time high reached on Sept. 18.
The debt ceiling fight echoes the congressional standoff over the same issue in summer 2011.
Experts say the United States attracts money now for the same reason it did back then: Many other countries are faring worse. China, India and Brazil are slowing dramatically. Japan is struggling to shake off a two-decade slump. The 17 countries of the eurozone have just emerged from a recession.
“We're the best of worst,” says David Sherman, head of Cohanzick Management, a manager of bond funds. He adds that the United States tends to “bounce back” from crises.
In the 2011 crisis, for example, stock prices dropped but recovered most of their losses by the end of the year.
Many investors think the costs of a default are too high for politicians not to raise the borrowing cap before the deadline. But they're worried. Congress hasn't agreed on a spending bill for the new budget year that began on Oct. 1. A lack of funding led to a partial shutdown of the government, which entered its ninth day on Wednesday.
“If we're having trouble with this government shutdown, and no negotiation, what's going to happen in two weeks?” said Talley Leger, a strategist at Macro Vision Research, an investment consultancy.
Leger said it may take a further drop in stocks, perhaps a big one, to force lawmakers to compromise.
The precedent is the 778-point drop in the Dow Jones industrial average on Sept. 29, 2008, when Congress rejected a $700 billion bailout bill, known as the Troubled Asset Relief Program. The TARP bill was passed within days.
“This whole shutdown could easily drag out to the debt deadline,” said Bill Strazzullo, chief market strategist of Bell Curve Trading.
His said the Dow could fall to 14,200 — down 600 points from Wednesday's close.
The prospects for bonds are more complicated. When investors anticipate a crisis, they tend to buy bonds. Treasurys are one of the mostly widely held assets in the world, so it's easy to buy and sell them, even when people are panicking.
“People crave Treasurys because it is the most liquid market,” says Mark Vitner, a senior economist at Wells Fargo.
After the rating agency Standard and Poor's stripped the United States of its top credit rating in August 2011, people bought more U.S. debt. The yield on the 10-year Treasury fell below 2 percent for the first time in a half-century.
“For all its theatrical problems, the U.S. is still a haven,” said Marshall Mays, director of Hong Kong-based Emerging Alpha Advisors.
Show commenting policy
TribLive commenting policy
You are solely responsible for your comments and by using TribLive.com you agree to our Terms of Service.
We moderate comments. Our goal is to provide substantive commentary for a general readership. By screening submissions, we provide a space where readers can share intelligent and informed commentary that enhances the quality of our news and information.
While most comments will be posted if they are on-topic and not abusive, moderating decisions are subjective. We will make them as carefully and consistently as we can. Because of the volume of reader comments, we cannot review individual moderation decisions with readers.
We value thoughtful comments representing a range of views that make their point quickly and politely. We make an effort to protect discussions from repeated comments either by the same reader or different readers.
We follow the same standards for taste as the daily newspaper. A few things we won't tolerate: personal attacks, obscenity, vulgarity, profanity (including expletives and letters followed by dashes), commercial promotion, impersonations, incoherence, proselytizing and SHOUTING. Don't include URLs to Web sites.
We do not edit comments. They are either approved or deleted. We reserve the right to edit a comment that is quoted or excerpted in an article. In this case, we may fix spelling and punctuation.
We welcome strong opinions and criticism of our work, but we don't want comments to become bogged down with discussions of our policies and we will moderate accordingly.
We appreciate it when readers and people quoted in articles or blog posts point out errors of fact or emphasis and will investigate all assertions. But these suggestions should be sent via e-mail. To avoid distracting other readers, we won't publish comments that suggest a correction. Instead, corrections will be made in a blog post or in an article.
- Pittsburgh region’s unemployment rate stays steady
- Nonprofit Concordia Lutheran Ministries adjusts to marketplace realities
- GNC will expand its testing of supplements in settlement with NY
- Heinz merging with Kraft in mega-deal; headquarters to stay in Pittsburgh
- Consumer spending inches up in February as income soars
- Michigan man takes Heinz to court over Dip & Squeeze ketchup packet
- Stocks gain on encouraging signs in spending and home sales
- Pa. Gas & Electric agrees to $6.8 million settlement of polar vortex claims
- Increased credit card use reflects confidence, flat wages
- Stop foreign dumping, U.S. Steel CEO Longhi tells Congress
- Aggressive drivers to face Progressive surcharges