Impasse fallout could endure
In the grand scheme of the $16 trillion economy, the nearly three-week government shutdown and standoff over the debt ceiling may not look like much. Analysts estimate the loss at tens of billions of dollars and reckon that much of that will be recouped in the next quarter.
But the extent of the economic harm goes well beyond what can be immediately tallied: lost business deals and disrupted research; a hit to consumer confidence; and what many see as permanent damage to America's credibility around the world.
These setbacks may prove to be far more costly, lasting and painful than a few months' worth of slower growth.
“It's not that this episode causes lasting damage; it's the succession of episodes,” said Peter Morici, a University of Maryland business professor, referring to federal lawmakers' repeated down-to-the-wire fights over the budget.
The end to the shutdown Thursday caused a scramble to restart government services and programs in the hopes of mitigating any long-term consequences, particularly for government-funded scientific research.
In one high-profile case, the National Science Foundation said it would resume its halted studies in Antarctica. But Ross Powell, the scientist in charge of one project there researching the environment below the ice, said he wasn't sure whether his team could salvage some of the planned work.
“It's all dependent on how much time we can get in the Antarctic and how much gear we can get down there,” Powell said in an interview Thursday from his office at Northern Illinois University in DeKalb, Ill.
It may be weeks or months before officials can get a clear assessment of the status of various projects. But it's almost certain that some data and work will be lost for good, given the importance of continuity in scientific research.
The picture is similarly murky for the nation's economy, as businesses and workers alike adjust to a new and elevated level of doubt. The Federal Reserve's report on the economy this week repeatedly cited uncertainty as a factor holding back investments and hiring in the past two months.
Some analysts had been expecting job growth to accelerate to 175,000 a month in this final quarter, after slowing in the summer to about 150,000. Now they're not so sure. Many economists have slashed economic growth forecasts for the fourth quarter, and it remains to be seen how quickly activity will bounce back.
Some small businesses that were struggling before the shutdown may never recover. Others are having to make do with less.
John Bailey, a Pennsylvania motor coach and tour operator, is still smarting from the cancellation of a middle school's planned trip to Washington last week.
“We worked hard to gain that business and put that business in our books, and the government took it away,” said Bailey, the president of Bailey Travel Service in York, Pa. “That business you lost, you'll never get it back.”
Beth Ann Bovino, Standard & Poor's U.S. chief economist, estimated that the shutdown and debt-limit standoff cost the economy $24 billion in reduced activity in the final three months of the year. She said a significant amount of that money, spending and investment eventually will be recovered as furloughed workers receive their back pay and other problems caused by the shutdown, such as delayed loan applications, get resolved.
In the wake of the last federal government shutdown, in 1995-96, as well as after the debt-limit showdown in the summer of 2011, economic growth rebounded sharply in the quarter after the stalemate ended.
But the economy in the mid-1990s was fundamentally stronger. And in 2011, the debt-ceiling increase was large enough to last through the end of 2012. This time, with another government spending deadline Jan. 15 and the debt limit extended only until Feb. 7, the recovery from the recent crisis could very well be delayed, Bovino said.
“When all the federal workers get their back pay, they may not be as readily heading out to the mall,” she said, noting the next round of budget negotiations probably will make headlines during the holiday shopping season.
Although this latest crisis was resolved at the last minute, the fact that another threat looms in less than three months could cause businesses and consumers to be more cautious.
“It was one of the most dramatic changes in economic confidence in a short period of time we've seen,” said Frank Newport, editor-in-chief at Gallup, referring to the sharp fall in consumer sentiment during the latest fiscal battle.
Alan Pentz, a government consultant in Washington, thinks that federal contractors will try to protect themselves. He sees many setting aside larger reserves.
“Long term, people are going to be more conservative and hold back funds,” he said.
Show commenting policy
TribLive commenting policy
You are solely responsible for your comments and by using TribLive.com you agree to our Terms of Service.
We moderate comments. Our goal is to provide substantive commentary for a general readership. By screening submissions, we provide a space where readers can share intelligent and informed commentary that enhances the quality of our news and information.
While most comments will be posted if they are on-topic and not abusive, moderating decisions are subjective. We will make them as carefully and consistently as we can. Because of the volume of reader comments, we cannot review individual moderation decisions with readers.
We value thoughtful comments representing a range of views that make their point quickly and politely. We make an effort to protect discussions from repeated comments either by the same reader or different readers.
We follow the same standards for taste as the daily newspaper. A few things we won't tolerate: personal attacks, obscenity, vulgarity, profanity (including expletives and letters followed by dashes), commercial promotion, impersonations, incoherence, proselytizing and SHOUTING. Don't include URLs to Web sites.
We do not edit comments. They are either approved or deleted. We reserve the right to edit a comment that is quoted or excerpted in an article. In this case, we may fix spelling and punctuation.
We welcome strong opinions and criticism of our work, but we don't want comments to become bogged down with discussions of our policies and we will moderate accordingly.
We appreciate it when readers and people quoted in articles or blog posts point out errors of fact or emphasis and will investigate all assertions. But these suggestions should be sent via e-mail. To avoid distracting other readers, we won't publish comments that suggest a correction. Instead, corrections will be made in a blog post or in an article.
- Methane leaks reportedly decrease in Pennsylvania
- Aerospace sales boost profit at Allegheny Technologies
- Israeli drugmaker Teva makes $40B unsolicited bid for Mylan
- Paragon Foods’ growth, planned move in line with local produce demand
- Planned Smallman Place condos in Strip District selling fast
- American Eagle closing Marshall distribution facility by July
- Study links swarm of quakes in Texas to natural gas drilling
- MedExpress bought by United Health Group
- Blue Bell Creameries issues recall of all products
- U.S. Steel puts 1,400 workers on notice to curb costs
- Hackers cash in on online payday loans