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Don't be left in the cold when choosing a comforter

| Sunday, Nov. 25, 2012, 8:56 p.m.

Hundreds of years ago, people living in Northern Europe discovered that sleeping under a lightweight blanket filled with airy goose or duck down on a frigid night beat huddling under five heavy wool blankets. Americans have since joined the slumber party.

A comforter, or duvet, is a fabric shell filled with down, a combination of feathers and down, hypoallergenic down alternatives or another natural fiber. The shell is sealed and quilted. The more tightly woven the fabric (thread count), the less likely a feather will poke out. Goose down comforters are considered top of the line. Most people slip comforters in protective covers that can also double as a top sheet.

“Nothing beats the comfort of a comforter,” says Nicole Sforza, Real Simple magazine's senior home editor. “They have become a staple in the American home.”

What's new?

• More down alternatives. There are more choices for those allergic to down and feathers. New alternatives provide lightweight warmth that more closely mimics down.

• Ratings. Many companies now provide “warmth ratings” so you can choose a weight and style best suited to your room temperature and body temperature.

Care tips

• Air it out. Europeans hang their comforters over their balconies daily. Giving them some sun a few times a year is a good policy.

• Store properly. Keep your comforter in a cloth bag to allow it to breathe. Zipping it into a plastic cover could encourage the growth of mildew.

• Fluff daily. When you are making your bed, Sforza says, shake your comforter instead of smoothing it. This will prevent the filling from clumping in one area.

• Follow directions. Many comforters can be washed in the washing machine on the delicate cycle and dried in the dryer on low. Others might require dry cleaning. Follow label directions.

Low, medium, high

We asked Melanie Kaplan, chief creative officer of the Company Store, to select three styles from the Company Store's line of comforters. The company is located in Wisconsin, where European settlers in the 19th century first brought down quilts to the area. The prices given are for a queen-size comforter.

LaCrosse: This is a 250-thread-count comforter filled with duck down. It is available in 12 colors. The fill power rating is 500 to 550. Priced according to fill weight: from $169 for light to $219 for ultrawarm. Also available in Primaloft, a synthetic-microfiber alternative hypoallergenic filling.

White Bay: The high-quality goose down in the comforter makes it very fluffy. It is available in four weights and has a 300-thread-count shell. It's stitched in 12-inch boxes to keep the down from shifting and has a 600 to 650 fill power rating. Priced at $199 for super-light to $309 extra warmth.

Legends: This 400-thread-count, all-cotton sateen shell is filled with Hungarian goose down, which is renowned for its large clusters. Fifteen-inch sewn-through box construction keeps down in compartments and results in fluffier comforters. Has a 600 to 650 fill power rating and comes with a storage bag. Price ranges from $269 for the oversize super-light model to $439 for the extra warmth supersize style. Also available in hypoallergenic Primaloft.

Shop smart

• Buy a cover for your comforter to keep it clean and dust-free. It's a lot easier to wash the cover than to wash the comforter. Measure the size of your comforter, as they vary by maker. Sometimes, it's best to buy your covers from the store or manufacturer that supplied your comforter to get the best fit.

• Down comforters usually have a “fill power” number to help determine the quality and warmth of the comforter. This number, usually between 300 and 800, measures the volume of an ounce of down. Higher numbers mean better warmth.

• Real Simple magazine road-tested a number of comforters. See results at www.realsimple.com. The most affordable one in their top seven was Ikea's Mysa Vete, made of duck down and feathers, which sells for $80 for a full/queen.

By the numbers

25: The weight of the down in ounces in a traditional queen-size comforter. Source: Company Store.

3: Largest exporters of down:

No. 1. China

No. 2. France

No. 3. Hungary

Source: United Feather & Down.

18: Average number of geese for a standard queen-size comforter (or 30 ducks). Source: United Feather & Down.

Jura Koncius is a staff writer for The Washington Post.

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