Pension reform: Consolidation is not the answer
By David M. Sanko
Published: Wednesday, Nov. 28, 2012, 8:50 p.m.
Pennsylvania's pension funding problem didn't happen overnight, and you can't fix it overnight. Recently, there's been a lot of buzz about pension reform, and rightfully so. Pennsylvania is on the fast track to a crisis.
The commonwealth's pension programs for some 800,000 state workers and public school teachers are in the hole to the tune of $40 billion, a figure that's expected to climb to $65 billion by 2021 if lawmakers don't do something soon.
Hastened by Gov. Tom Corbett, the General Assembly and others are searching for solutions, some of which have come to light during a series of fact-finding meetings hosted by the Pennsylvania Employee Retirement Commission. The hearings have focused on the state's financial predicament, which may force more cuts in services to fund promised retirement benefits.
It appears the meetings have also served as a stage to exaggerate Pennsylvania's pension troubles, with calls to consolidate hundreds of healthy municipal plans to fund the debts of a few. This “redistribution of pension wealth” is a bad idea and penalizes the successful while rewarding those in trouble.
Yes, it's true that a few local governments have retirement programs that are underwater. But many communities oversee plans that are doing OK or much better than OK.
Proof of this comes from PERC itself, which measures the distress level of the 1,439 municipal pension plans that receive state aid. In 2011, 776 were classified as “not distressed,” while just 27, including those belonging to Pittsburgh and Philadelphia, were declared “severely distressed.”
This reality, however, hasn't stopped some from turning the pension problems of a few into a statewide epidemic. And what's their remedy? Lump everyone together, much like the commonwealth did for state employees and teachers, and create a single statewide municipal pension system.
The consolidation crowd needs to face the fact: The State Employees Retirement System and the Public School Employees Retirement System are bigger, but they're certainly not better. In fact, they are the lion's share of Pennsylvania's pension debt and demonstrate what can happen to large, one-size-fits-all systems.
Lawmakers should instead focus on the state and its more severely troubled pension systems. Then, after they know how to tame that $40 billion (and growing) beast, they should turn their attention to municipal pension plans. But rather than focus on consolidation, lawmakers should provide local leaders with commonsense reforms that not only preserve locally administered pension plans but also do something we all agree makes sense: save tax dollars.
There are some solutions already on the table that would help municipal pension plans right away. A proposal by the Coalition for Sustainable Communities would be a good first step. The measure would enable municipalities to move away from the defined-benefit plans mandated by law for some local police and firefighters and remove retirement benefits from the collective-bargaining process — a practice responsible for strapping current and future generations with budget-draining obligations.
The way I see it, the pension-crisis remedy shouldn't be to make the healthy swallow the same bad medicine as those in trouble. Instead, we should be tailoring solutions that keep healthy plans off life support and put ailing ones back on the road to recovery.
David M. Sanko is the executive director of the Pennsylvania State Association of Township Supervisors.
Show commenting policy
TribLive commenting policy
You are solely responsible for your comments and by using TribLive.com you agree to our Terms of Service.
We moderate comments. Our goal is to provide substantive commentary for a general readership. By screening submissions, we provide a space where readers can share intelligent and informed commentary that enhances the quality of our news and information.
While most comments will be posted if they are on-topic and not abusive, moderating decisions are subjective. We will make them as carefully and consistently as we can. Because of the volume of reader comments, we cannot review individual moderation decisions with readers.
We value thoughtful comments representing a range of views that make their point quickly and politely. We make an effort to protect discussions from repeated comments either by the same reader or different readers.
We follow the same standards for taste as the daily newspaper. A few things we won't tolerate: personal attacks, obscenity, vulgarity, profanity (including expletives and letters followed by dashes), commercial promotion, impersonations, incoherence, proselytizing and SHOUTING. Don't include URLs to Web sites.
We do not edit comments. They are either approved or deleted. We reserve the right to edit a comment that is quoted or excerpted in an article. In this case, we may fix spelling and punctuation.
We welcome strong opinions and criticism of our work, but we don't want comments to become bogged down with discussions of our policies and we will moderate accordingly.
We appreciate it when readers and people quoted in articles or blog posts point out errors of fact or emphasis and will investigate all assertions. But these suggestions should be sent via e-mail. To avoid distracting other readers, we won't publish comments that suggest a correction. Instead, corrections will be made in a blog post or in an article.
- Tomlin may change look of defense in sub packages
- Neal: Not my ‘smartest decision’
- Early-morning snowstorm hampers Western Pa. commuters
- Steelers film session: Polamalu not at fault on long run
- UPMC doctor killed trying to help at 50-vehicle pileup
- Host of Steelers veterans look toward career survival mode
- Consol acquires drilling rights from Dominion
- 2-vehicle crash kills Ruffsdale man
- Pirates notebook: Huntington narrows team’s offseason targets
- Expert: KO doesn’t mean ‘worst’ concussion for Pens’ Orpik
- Monroeville police officer kills Freeport man in shootout