Photos reveal effects of Marcellus shale drilling
Featuring the work of six documentary photographers, the “Marcellus Shale Documentary Project” exhibit on display at Pittsburgh Filmmakers Galleries in Oakland peels back the layers of a complex industry that is much talked about in our region.
Organized by photographer Brian Cohen and Pittsburgh Center for the Arts director Laura Domencic, it features more than 50 photographs that, seen together, flesh out the environmental, social and economic impact of natural-gas drilling in Pennsylvania.
Each of the six photographers — Cohen, Noah Addis, Nina Berman, Scott Goldsmith, Lynn Johnson and Martha Rial — took a different approach to the topic in different parts of the state.
For example, a photograph showing the backyards of homes next to an oil refinery in Marcus Hook, Delaware County, offers a close-up view of an industry that is literally at many people's doorsteps.
Addis, who is based in Columbus, Ohio, but took this photograph near Philadelphia, says the refinery has since been shut down, “but there is a huge industrial infrastructure left behind.”
“Energy is often a boom-and-bust business, so it makes me wonder about the huge infrastructure being built up around drilling sites in the Marcellus Shale region,” Addis says. “The rigs are the most obvious symbol of the drilling boom, but they're temporary. The wells themselves, however, as well as the miles of pipelines, pumping and compressor stations and other facilities will remain long after the initial drilling boom is over. I wonder what will happen to that huge infrastructure once the wells have stopped producing gas?”
Addis says there has been talk of reusing the Marcus Hook refinery as a liquefied natural-gas export facility that could be used to ship Marcellus gas overseas.
“It's just interesting because one of the big selling points of drilling in the Marcellus Shale was that it would help the U.S. become more energy independent,” he says. “But really, energy is a global marketplace and, of course, the gas will eventually be sold where it can make the most profit.”
As for his part, Cohen's landscape photographs, made principally in Westmoreland, Somerset and Butler counties, consider the Pennsylvania landscape in the context of the advent of gas drilling. Looking much like picture postcards, they are punctuated with drilling sites that look clean and decent enough but include label copy that belies their otherwise bucolic views.
For example, one reads: “The Millers leased their land for gas drilling and have made enough from the deal to enable them to keep their Meadow Creek Farm running. They report no ill effects from the drilling at the time of writing; however, relations with their neighbors have deteriorated significantly. The lease was recently purchased by Chevron. 05/30/2012.”
Goldsmith's shot of a gas-drilling well in Hopewell Township, Washington County, registers closer to home, showing smaller “gentlemen's farms” surrounding a drilling rig. Neighbors nearby have complained of dust, noise and “seismic activity” as a result of the drilling.
Another shot by Goldsmith shows a teary-eyed John “Denny” Fair inside his small home, taken after workers hauled away two water tanks that supplied three homes from his backyard. The label copy reads: “When Fair reconnected his water well, it pumped out orange-brown water that he and the neighbors don't want to use. Fair said the water turned brown and ‘stinky' shortly after fracking started.”
Personal perspectives like this abound in this exhibit. For example, in another shot by Berman, a Bradford County couple, Jodie Simons and Jason Lamphere, are seen giving their horses bottled water to drink. Having no clean well water, the couple “claim their water was contaminated by nearby gas-drilling activities causing their daughter to be sick and their animals to die,” according to the accompanying label.
Other works, like Johnson's “Lobbyist and activist — on the sidelines at a protest in Harrisburg, PA” showcase a more-active role citizens have been taking in protesting against fracking in general.
Addis says that he, like all the photographers, was “very excited to be asked to participate” in the Marcellus Shale Documentary Project.
“It's a very important issue, and I think there is a lack of real information about what is actually going on,” he says. “In Philadelphia, where I lived at the time, we heard a lot of shouting from activists on both sides of the story, but I've seen very little honest, nuanced coverage.
“I personally approached this project without any kind of agenda, I just wanted to take a straightforward look to see how the landscape has been changed by the drilling boom and how people have been affected.”
Kurt Shaw is the art critic for Trib Total Media. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Show commenting policy
TribLive commenting policy
You are solely responsible for your comments and by using TribLive.com you agree to our Terms of Service.
We moderate comments. Our goal is to provide substantive commentary for a general readership. By screening submissions, we provide a space where readers can share intelligent and informed commentary that enhances the quality of our news and information.
While most comments will be posted if they are on-topic and not abusive, moderating decisions are subjective. We will make them as carefully and consistently as we can. Because of the volume of reader comments, we cannot review individual moderation decisions with readers.
We value thoughtful comments representing a range of views that make their point quickly and politely. We make an effort to protect discussions from repeated comments either by the same reader or different readers.
We follow the same standards for taste as the daily newspaper. A few things we won't tolerate: personal attacks, obscenity, vulgarity, profanity (including expletives and letters followed by dashes), commercial promotion, impersonations, incoherence, proselytizing and SHOUTING. Don't include URLs to Web sites.
We do not edit comments. They are either approved or deleted. We reserve the right to edit a comment that is quoted or excerpted in an article. In this case, we may fix spelling and punctuation.
We welcome strong opinions and criticism of our work, but we don't want comments to become bogged down with discussions of our policies and we will moderate accordingly.
We appreciate it when readers and people quoted in articles or blog posts point out errors of fact or emphasis and will investigate all assertions. But these suggestions should be sent via e-mail. To avoid distracting other readers, we won't publish comments that suggest a correction. Instead, corrections will be made in a blog post or in an article.
- Federal appeals court appears divided on Obama’s immigrant deportation shield
- Penguins pushing to sell playoff tickets
- Golf outing bolsters cancer patient fund at Kittanning hospital
- Groups looking to stage Day of Prayer at new school in Manor
- Marte’s bat, Worley’s arm show improvement in Pirates win
- Armstrong’s roads less-traveled get funding for drainage improvements
- Butler County new home sales surge in 2014
- Penguins stars Crosby, Malkin enduring playoff slump
- Armstrong gets fourth officer trained to spot drugged drivers
- Mackey: For Pens’ Winnik, playing with Crosby an ongoing process
- Highmark asks patients to ‘Meet Dr. Right’