Healthy Eating: Better than bulgur? Quinoa takes turn in tabbouleh
Though everyone seems to have a different way of spelling tabbouleh — toubouleh? tabouli? — more and more people do seem to agree that this delicious Middle Eastern salad of bulgur wheat tossed with cucumbers, tomatoes, herbs, olive oil and lemon juice is delicious. It helps that it's also healthy and quick to prepare.
So why would anyone — starting with me — want to mess with success? Because even though bulgur wheat — a whole grain that has been cracked and partially cooked — is healthier than white rice, quinoa is even healthier.
An ancient food first cultivated by the Incas, quinoa (pronounced KEEN-wah) looks like a grain, but actually is a seed loosely related to spinach and chard. Available in a variety of colors, quinoa has a mild grassy taste and boasts tons of protein and calcium. It's hardy, too, and so drought-resistant that the United Nations has designated quinoa a super-crop for its potential to feed the poor.
And did I mention that it takes almost no time at all to cook? Just 10 to 15 minutes.
One note: freshly harvested quinoa is coated with bitter-tasting saponins. A natural insect repellent, saponins happen to repel humans, too. Most of the quinoa sold commercially in this country has been processed to remove this coating, but you should be sure to rinse and drain it yourself before cooking.
For the vegetables in my tabbouleh, I started by salting and draining the tomatoes, a little trick I learned when I worked in the test kitchen at Gourmet. Like most vegetables, tomatoes contain a ton of water, which tends, unsurprisingly, to water down the salad's taste. Salted and drained, the tomatoes are not just drier, they are much more tomato-y, flavor-wise.
Next came the hefty infusion of flat-leaf parsley and fresh mint, two more boosts to the salad's flavor and nutritional value. The fact that these herbs are usually consigned to the garnish ghetto is a crime in my book.
The final touch? A spritz of lemon juice. Make sure yours is freshly squeezed. That stuff in the jar just doesn't compare. Also, you'll want to break out the extra-special extra-virgin olive oil. There aren't a lot of ingredients in this salad, which means it is key to get the most flavor from every one.
Chef Sara Moulton writes this column for the Associated Press.
Start to finish: 1 hour 40 minutes (40 minutes active)
1 cup quinoa
11⁄4 cups low-sodium chicken or vegetable broth
6 tablespoons lemon juice, divided
2 cups halved cherry tomatoes
Kosher salt and freshly ground black pepper
2 cups finely chopped cucumber (about 1⁄2 medium seedless cucumber)
3 green onions, finely chopped
1 clove garlic, minced
1⁄3 cup extra-virgin olive oil
2 cups firmly packed fresh flat-leaf parsley, chopped
1 cup firmly packed fresh mint leaves, shredded
Using a mesh strainer, rinse and drain the quinoa under cold water.
In a medium saucepan over medium heat, combine the quinoa, broth and 2 tablespoon of the lemon juice. Bring to a boil, then reduce to a simmer, cover and cook until all of the broth is absorbed, for 10 to 15 minutes. When done, the grains will appear soft and translucent, and the germ ring will be visible along the outside edge. Transfer to a shallow platter and spread evenly. Let it cool.
Meanwhile, place the tomatoes in a colander or mesh strainer. Sprinkle the tomatoes lightly with salt and set over the sink or a bowl and let drain for 10 minutes.
After the quinoa has cooled, transfer it to a large serving bowl. Add the drained tomatoes, the cucumber, green onions, garlic, remaining 4 tablespoons of lemon juice and the oil. Season with salt and pepper to taste. Chill for at least 1 hour, or until ready to serve. Just before serving, stir in the parsley and mint.
Makes 6 servings.
Nutrition information per serving: 250 calories (130 calories from fat), 14 grams fat (2 grams saturated), 0 cholesterol, 6 grams protein, 26 grams carbohydrates, 5 grams dietary fiber, 220 milligrams sodium
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