The Word Guy: Cancel the urge to double the 'L' in canceled
Question: Is it proper to use “canceled” or “cancelled”?
— Barry Zadworny, Robbinsville, N.J.
Answer: This very question almost led to a feud in my family. Many years ago, my mom decided to cancel a yard sale that we already had advertised in the newspaper. So, my sister Pam made a large sign to put in front of the house. It read, “Yard Sale Canceled.”
When I suggested the last word should be spelled “cancelled,” Pam stuck to her guns. She was right. (I still keep that sign in my cellar to remind me of my smarty-pants arrogance.)
Here's the rule that she knew and I didn't: When adding a suffix beginning with a vowel to a two-syllable verb ending in a single consonant, double the consonant only if the accent falls on the last syllable of the verb.
So, because “conTROL,” “forGET” and “beGIN,” for instance, are stressed on the second syllable, they become “controlled,” “forgettable” and “beginning,” respectively.
But if the accent falls on the first syllable of the two-syllable verb, don't double the consonant. Thus “CANcel,” “FILter” and “TRAVel” become “canceled,” “filterable” and “traveled,” respectively.
And, yes, I realize the Brits double the consonants regardless of the accent. They also probably call yard sales “Estate Depossessions.”
Q: I notice writers using the phrase “more important,” as in, “More important, his writing skills are just what we're looking for,” when I thought they should have written “more importantly.” Can you clarify this?
— Mike Burke, Andover, Conn.
A: Glad to.
Either “more important” or “more importantly” is correct. Traditionally, grammarians have insisted on “more important,” which they construe as a shortened form of “What is more important.” But, as Bryan Garner points out in “Modern American Usage,” this edict is silly for two reasons:
1. No one objects to the sentence-modifying adverb “importantly” (as in, “Importantly, this is a grass-roots movement”), so why prohibit “more importantly”?
2. We use the adverb form for similar modifiers, as in “More notably, he hit two home runs,” or “More interestingly, they were inside-the-park home runs.” We wouldn't use “more notable” or “more interesting” in either sentence.
Most importantly, until a couple of years ago, I — always the smarty-pants — was one of those traditionalists who vigorously flailed “most importantly.”
Rob Kyff, a teacher and writer in West Hartford, Conn., invites your language sightings. Send your reports of misuse and abuse, as well as examples of good writing, via email to Wordguy@aol.com or by regular mail to Rob Kyff, Creators Syndicate, 737 Third St., Hermosa Beach, CA 90254.
Show commenting policy
TribLive commenting policy
You are solely responsible for your comments and by using TribLive.com you agree to our Terms of Service.
We moderate comments. Our goal is to provide substantive commentary for a general readership. By screening submissions, we provide a space where readers can share intelligent and informed commentary that enhances the quality of our news and information.
While most comments will be posted if they are on-topic and not abusive, moderating decisions are subjective. We will make them as carefully and consistently as we can. Because of the volume of reader comments, we cannot review individual moderation decisions with readers.
We value thoughtful comments representing a range of views that make their point quickly and politely. We make an effort to protect discussions from repeated comments either by the same reader or different readers.
We follow the same standards for taste as the daily newspaper. A few things we won't tolerate: personal attacks, obscenity, vulgarity, profanity (including expletives and letters followed by dashes), commercial promotion, impersonations, incoherence, proselytizing and SHOUTING. Don't include URLs to Web sites.
We do not edit comments. They are either approved or deleted. We reserve the right to edit a comment that is quoted or excerpted in an article. In this case, we may fix spelling and punctuation.
We welcome strong opinions and criticism of our work, but we don't want comments to become bogged down with discussions of our policies and we will moderate accordingly.
We appreciate it when readers and people quoted in articles or blog posts point out errors of fact or emphasis and will investigate all assertions. But these suggestions should be sent via e-mail. To avoid distracting other readers, we won't publish comments that suggest a correction. Instead, corrections will be made in a blog post or in an article.
- Seven in custody after New Kensington drug raid
- Rossi: Steelers’ season all about going big
- Kids evacuated at Mars Area High after electrical fire, no injuries reported
- Steelers use 3 late first-half TDs to stun Texans
- Rookie Bryant sparks deep passing game for Steelers in victory
- North Catholic High School lists interim principal
- Chevron puts $20M into educating, training Appalachian workers
- Schools closed after state police ambush suspect reportedly sighted nearby
- For all but 2 minutes vs. Steelers, Texans played ‘pretty good game’
- Natrona Bottling Co. keeps soda pop operation focused on craft, taste
- 12-year-old’s donated heart joins families, lets her memory live