Budget cuts stretch Western Pa. schools' support staff thin
Meaghan Drye quickly responded when a reading teacher asked what was common about the words that she and three other first-graders in a group were practicing.
“I want to tell you two things,” said Meaghan, 7. “They all have a short E, and I just got my ears pierced.”
Meaghan attends West Mifflin Area School District's Homeville Elementary School, which provides a schoolwide reading support program to its 296 students in kindergarten through third grade.
For five years, students have met in small groups with reading specialists for a half-hour each day, but budget cuts resulted in the layoffs of two instructional aides and one reading coach two years ago, and a teachers aide who retired in 2008 wasn't replaced, said Marjorie Glaid, a Title I reading specialist at Homeville.
That led to more students in fewer groups: 15 students per group instead of six, and six groups now versus 10 before. Similar cuts have occurred in the reading support programs at the district's two other elementary schools, Clara Barton and New Emerson, Glaid said.
“What we miss is the small groups,” she said.
Cutting teaching positions has become commonplace as districts reduce budgets. The job losses that often go unnoticed, however, are those of employees who serve in supportive roles, such as teachers aides, librarians, secretaries, custodians and cafeteria workers, experts say.
Rising costs of state-mandated pension contributions, increasing health care expenses, declines in property tax revenue and cuts in government funding have forced districts to make tough personnel decisions, particularly since the average school district spends two-thirds of its budget on personnel, said Jay D. Himes, executive director of the Pennsylvania Association of School Business Officials in Harrisburg.
“I think, especially because of the spiraling cost of pensions, that positions that are not instructional in nature tend to be very large targets for those kinds of reductions,” he said.
Experts say the losses, especially of teachers' aides and librarians, can impact student instruction just as much as the loss of teachers.
“These are the people that can least afford to have things piled on top of them. They are the lowest paid in the school district,” said Butch Santicola, spokesman for the Pennsylvania State Education Association, a union representing about 187,000 public school employees and education support staff members.
The union represents about 34,000 support staff members statewide, which is 2,000 fewer than in 2010. The union does not represent employees in Pittsburgh, Philadelphia, Scranton and some other schools, spokesman Wythe Keever said.
Seneca Valley School District last year cut 22.5 support jobs, including four secretaries, 3.5 custodians and 15 paraprofessionals (teachers aides or assistants), spokeswoman Linda Andreassi said.
This year, one paraprofessional job was cut, and daily hours were reduced for those remaining from 7.5 to six hours a day, saving about $120,000, she said.
“We're filling in the gaps where we can. We are changing some things up with scheduling so that we don't run into any difficulties with lack of coverage,” she said.
Filling the gaps is a burden that often falls upon classroom teachers because they are tasked to do more to meet state educational mandates, West Mifflin Superintendent Daniel Castagna said.
In 2009-10, West Mifflin schools had 417 full-time equivalent employees, compared to 342.5 now, district Business Manager Dennis Cmar said. It has lost 21 full-time-equivalent support staff members — mostly teachers' aides — through layoffs or unfilled positions after attrition, bringing the total to 99, he said.
The district also reduced some aides from full-time to part-time, and raised the property tax millage rate by 0.7 in 2009-10 to bring in more revenue, he said.
The 2012-13 budget totals $44.9 million, compared with $48 million in 2009-10, Cmar said.
Karen Santoro, 59, a Title I teachers aide who has been a West Mifflin paraprofessional for 30 years, said she waited nervously before support staff cuts were announced and was sad to see colleagues lose their jobs.
“I was hoping that I wasn't one of the ones to go. I'm the oldest,” she said.
Tory N. Parrish is a staff writer for Trib Total Media. She can be reached at 412-380-5662 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Show commenting policy
TribLive commenting policy
You are solely responsible for your comments and by using TribLive.com you agree to our Terms of Service.
We moderate comments. Our goal is to provide substantive commentary for a general readership. By screening submissions, we provide a space where readers can share intelligent and informed commentary that enhances the quality of our news and information.
While most comments will be posted if they are on-topic and not abusive, moderating decisions are subjective. We will make them as carefully and consistently as we can. Because of the volume of reader comments, we cannot review individual moderation decisions with readers.
We value thoughtful comments representing a range of views that make their point quickly and politely. We make an effort to protect discussions from repeated comments either by the same reader or different readers.
We follow the same standards for taste as the daily newspaper. A few things we won't tolerate: personal attacks, obscenity, vulgarity, profanity (including expletives and letters followed by dashes), commercial promotion, impersonations, incoherence, proselytizing and SHOUTING. Don't include URLs to Web sites.
We do not edit comments. They are either approved or deleted. We reserve the right to edit a comment that is quoted or excerpted in an article. In this case, we may fix spelling and punctuation.
We welcome strong opinions and criticism of our work, but we don't want comments to become bogged down with discussions of our policies and we will moderate accordingly.
We appreciate it when readers and people quoted in articles or blog posts point out errors of fact or emphasis and will investigate all assertions. But these suggestions should be sent via e-mail. To avoid distracting other readers, we won't publish comments that suggest a correction. Instead, corrections will be made in a blog post or in an article.
- Michigan State defensive coordinator a Pitt coaching candidate
- Despite intimidation, women still passionate about video games
- Pirates sign Corey Hart to 1-year deal
- Penguins’ defensive depth proves valuable
- Port Authority fires two bus drivers involved in rollover crash
- Police gather in Ligonier for Perryopolis officer’s funeral
- City, abortion activists fail to reach compromise on buffer zone, judge to rule
- The Word Guy: How to pronounce ‘victuals’? Rhymes with whittles
- Ex-juvenile center director claims he was fired because he’s black
- Review: No improper contact between Pa. Supreme Court justices, lawyers
- Stock market closes 2nd best week of 2014