Review of Beadling shows it was more than soccer hub
In response to a recent column in which I reported a reader's suggestion that we include neighboring communities — such as Beadling, Heidelberg and Morgan — in our review of local history, Jim Fry suggested I use the book “Beadling Soccer Club, Pride and Tradition since 1898” as a reference. I was familiar with the book, which was published in 1998 in recognition of the 100th anniversary of the Beadling Soccer Club. This was an excellent suggestion, and I was fortunate to find a copy of the book at the Bridgeville Area History Center.
Beadling was founded because of coal mining. The industry began in western Pennsylvania on Mt. Washington, then moved up the Chartiers Valley. The Pittsburgh Seam probably was the most valuable source of coal anywhere in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Because it out-cropped in the hills along Chartiers Creek and its tributaries — Painter's Run, McLaughlin Run, Miller's Run, and Robinson Run — numerous coal mines were developed in the area.
Mines opened up along the railroad between Carnegie and Bridgeville, at Hope Hollow, Heidel-berg, and at Bower Hill. A. J. Schulte opened the Bridgeville Mine, under Cook's Hill.
The Borland Mine was opened in the Panhandle, where Painter's Run joins Chartiers Creek. Farther up Painter's Run, the Panhandle Mine was opened close to the current location of Calabro Tire Service. Next up the run was the Essen Mine and then the Witch Hazel Mine, close to the current location of Bloedel's Auto Shop.
In 1883 three brothers — William, Thomas, and James Beadling — opened the Harrison Mine, at the site of what is now the Beadling Sports Club. The mine portal was close to that site. The mine extended east almost to Castle Shannon and north across Bower Hill Road at St. Clair Hospital. It quickly became known as the “Beadling Mine” and the area around it as “Beadling”.
The Pittsburgh, Chartiers and Youghiogheny Railroad (P C & Y) was chartered in 1881. Early in its existence it constructed a spur “up Painter's Run” as far as the Beadling Mine, including a tunnel through Essen Hill and several bridges across the run. Coal tipples, large timber structures used to load railcars, were located at the Panhandle Mine near the current location of the Bower Hill Auto Body Shop, at the Essen Mine near the current carwash facility, and at the Beadling Mine. For many years, the railroad was the principal means of access along Painter's Run; the wagon road along the run was unpaved and did not have bridges across the stream.
Like other coal companies, the Beadling Mine built company houses and operated a company store on behalf of the miners. Company houses were scattered along Painter's Run Road and up Robb Hollow Road. Most families could not afford to own a house — rental of a company house in 1900 cost six dollars a month. Water was obtained from springs or group pumps. Outhouses were inconvenient in the winter and a serious sanitation problem year-around.
Peak production at the Beadling mine occurred during World War I When 500 miners working two shifts a day produced 400,000 tons a year. The Beadling brothers sold the mine to Pittsburgh Coal in 1912; it finally was closed down in 1923. The miners found employment in other nearby mines, especially Coverdale and Mollenauer in Bethel Township, and in the steel and machining plants in Bridgeville.
Most families augmented their income by gardening, raising chickens, hunting small game, and picking wild fruits. Coal for heating their homes was picked up near the mine or dug out of the hillside from informal mines. Law enforcement was non-existent and apparently not required.
The social center of the community was the company store and its next door neighbor, the Beadling Hotel (in later years, Walt's Tavern). There also were three food stores, a blacksmith's shop, a shoe store, a barber shop, three dance halls, and a Moose Club. By 1900 Beadling had become a vibrant economic center, while “Upper St. Clair was mostly woods and farms, and Mt. Lebanon did not exist”. The post office was originally in the company store, but became a separate entity run by the Hoffman family in a building they constructed near McMillen Road, in 1917. It was closed in 1955.
My thanks to Jim Fry for recommending this book, and to Ken Ball and Ed Zak for the Beadling history they recorded in it.
A reminder – the fifth episode of “Bridgeville Remembered” will be presented today, Thursday, at 7 p.m., at the Bridgeville Public Library. Subtitled “A New Century, 1800 to 1825,” it will deal with local history in that era.
John Oyler, a columnist for Trib Total Media, can be reached at 412-343-1652 or email@example.com.
Show commenting policy
TribLive commenting policy
You are solely responsible for your comments and by using TribLive.com you agree to our Terms of Service.
We moderate comments. Our goal is to provide substantive commentary for a general readership. By screening submissions, we provide a space where readers can share intelligent and informed commentary that enhances the quality of our news and information.
While most comments will be posted if they are on-topic and not abusive, moderating decisions are subjective. We will make them as carefully and consistently as we can. Because of the volume of reader comments, we cannot review individual moderation decisions with readers.
We value thoughtful comments representing a range of views that make their point quickly and politely. We make an effort to protect discussions from repeated comments either by the same reader or different readers.
We follow the same standards for taste as the daily newspaper. A few things we won't tolerate: personal attacks, obscenity, vulgarity, profanity (including expletives and letters followed by dashes), commercial promotion, impersonations, incoherence, proselytizing and SHOUTING. Don't include URLs to Web sites.
We do not edit comments. They are either approved or deleted. We reserve the right to edit a comment that is quoted or excerpted in an article. In this case, we may fix spelling and punctuation.
We welcome strong opinions and criticism of our work, but we don't want comments to become bogged down with discussions of our policies and we will moderate accordingly.
We appreciate it when readers and people quoted in articles or blog posts point out errors of fact or emphasis and will investigate all assertions. But these suggestions should be sent via e-mail. To avoid distracting other readers, we won't publish comments that suggest a correction. Instead, corrections will be made in a blog post or in an article.
- Washington, D.C., man sues Edgeworth, former police officer over arrest
- Speeders under the watchful eye of police
- Little Lions Academy makes classroom work fun in the summer
- Kiddie Academy to open in South Fayette this fall
- Collier rejects zoning change for townhomes
- Musicians ready to perform at Teenage Takeover 3 in Bloomfield
- New signs welcome motorists to Carnegie
- Town Talk: Carnegie couple celebrates 50th wedding anniversary
- South Fayette residents warned of abandoned mines
- Oyler: Pa. rivers, precipitation enable us to enjoy water without worry