Financial tips for surviving spouses
I am often disappointed, but not surprised when I meet a recently widowed individual.
His or her spouse's advisors often rush in and talk the survivor into buying a REIT or variable annuity. I believe that advisors acting in a client's best interest would suggest taking a few months to digest the situation and have a chance to emotionally adjust. People often regret decisions made at a time of crisis. Certainly there some things that must be done in a timely fashion such as notify Social Security and any life insurance companies that you may have a policy with.
These suspect advisors think it is easy to move the money because the widow or widower is vulnerable and they want to make sure that it is not moved to another advisor. Often, they suggest REITS and VAs because they make large commissions on these products and they claim that they are providing income to the widowed person. Both of these products are very illiquid and hard to get out of at a later time. They both generate a lot of fees.
Product selection has to take place after a complete analysis of the situation. What income will be lost because of the death? What expenses will be lower and which ones will remain the same? What types of insurance and other benefits does the survivor own? How is the cash flow and can it be improved outside of the investments?
There are many other issues that need to be dealt with before moving the investments. Unscrupulous advisors do not ask these questions because they just want a quick buck. Often it is good to have a child involved in the decisions if needed.
These situations point out the importance of good pre-planning. A spouse should be aware of the family's financial condition.
The surviving spouse needs to know what income will cease to come in should there be a death. If both people were collecting Social Security, you will likely lose the lower check if the couple is married. This is because spousal benefits under SS usually allow you to collect the higher check. For non-married co-inhabitants, this will not be the case. Pensions can stop upon a death depending on options selected. The same is true of annuity payments.
Cash flow can be greatly affected by financed purchases such as a luxury car, boat or motor home.
The unexpected death and income loss can really create a cash flow strain. It is very important to have an up-to-date will. If someone has remarried and not changed their will, assets could be distributed to ex-spouses or children and the new spouse could be left with little or nothing.
It is also important for someone who has remarried to make sure that any retirement plans or other documents that have beneficiary designations are up to date. Just changing the will cannot change a beneficiary on a policy.
The beneficiary designation will control who receives the proceeds.
It is important that both spouses know where all financial documents are located, if there is a safety deposit box, have a general idea about monthly cash flow and other pertinent financial information.
To help you with these tasks, we are offering a free 22-page “Life Guide … When a Loved One Dies.”
This will help you organize before the death and give you important information and tips about how to deal with this painful time. To get your free copy, e-mail your name and address to email@example.com.
Gary Boatman is a certified financial planner and a local businessman who serves as president of the Monessen Chamber of Commerce.
Show commenting policy
TribLive commenting policy
You are solely responsible for your comments and by using TribLive.com you agree to our Terms of Service.
We moderate comments. Our goal is to provide substantive commentary for a general readership. By screening submissions, we provide a space where readers can share intelligent and informed commentary that enhances the quality of our news and information.
While most comments will be posted if they are on-topic and not abusive, moderating decisions are subjective. We will make them as carefully and consistently as we can. Because of the volume of reader comments, we cannot review individual moderation decisions with readers.
We value thoughtful comments representing a range of views that make their point quickly and politely. We make an effort to protect discussions from repeated comments either by the same reader or different readers.
We follow the same standards for taste as the daily newspaper. A few things we won't tolerate: personal attacks, obscenity, vulgarity, profanity (including expletives and letters followed by dashes), commercial promotion, impersonations, incoherence, proselytizing and SHOUTING. Don't include URLs to Web sites.
We do not edit comments. They are either approved or deleted. We reserve the right to edit a comment that is quoted or excerpted in an article. In this case, we may fix spelling and punctuation.
We welcome strong opinions and criticism of our work, but we don't want comments to become bogged down with discussions of our policies and we will moderate accordingly.
We appreciate it when readers and people quoted in articles or blog posts point out errors of fact or emphasis and will investigate all assertions. But these suggestions should be sent via e-mail. To avoid distracting other readers, we won't publish comments that suggest a correction. Instead, corrections will be made in a blog post or in an article.
- Pittsburgh diocese campaign big success
- 2 city men charged in Dec. 29 Monessen arson
- Charleroi credit union branch to close
- Westmoreland firefighters get training to save pets
- Mid-Mon Valley maintains strong ties to proposed Army museum
- Rampound brings cheers to Ringgold athletic events
- Organizers plunge ahead with 2nd ‘Frosty Frolic’ to benefit California Area
- Monessen teenager charged in arson spree
- Washington woman charged with leaving 3 children alone overnight
- Readers request familiar glance at today in history
- Devise a plan to control education costs