Without part-time officers, Westmoreland County communities could struggle
Just before the afternoon stream of traffic stretches through the bedroom community of Manor, Derek Manley clips a radio onto his neatly-creased gray uniform — one of three that he will wear that week.
The second-year officer will split his week patrolling the streets of Manor and Southwest Greensburg and North Belle Vernon in Westmoreland County. “Of course I want a full-time job,” Manley, 29, said. “You have to pay your dues. That's understood.”
Without part-time officers, officials say some boroughs would struggle to afford local protection. Still, some local police chiefs and municipalities must deal with the challenges involved with providing coverage for municipalities using mostly part-timers.
“I think in some cases, it's just not economically feasible (to have full-time officers),” said Ed Knittel, senior director of education and sustainability for the Pennsylvania State Association of Boroughs, a Harrisburg-based group that promotes local government practices.
“A full-timer, in all honesty, could be fairly expensive. In addition to the hourly rate, you have benefits,” he said. “I think the elected officials are somewhat limited in what they can do in some cases. I think they do take responsibility of what dollars they have to allocate for what purpose is on their mind.”
The state borough code does not mandate police protection, Knittel said. Fire protection and emergency management are required.
Of the nearly 2,500 police departments in Pennsylvania, 133 of them — or about 5 percent — are comprised of only part-time officers. Those departments employ about 520 officers, according to statistics from the Governor's Center for Local Government Services.
Schuylkill County leads the state with 15 departments comprised of only part-time officers. Westmoreland County has six, and Allegheny County has two. Police departments in rural communities are more likely to depend on part-time officers, according to 2013 statistics from the Governor's Center for Local Government Services.
“Obviously, part-timers help those communities maintain police forces,” said John Mackey, chairman of the Pennsylvania Chiefs of Police Association and chief of Bethel Park police.
“I feel bad; some of these guys are working three or four jobs,” he said. “Those guys are all working those jobs because they want full-time jobs somewhere. As soon as those opportunities come up, they're gone.”
Scheduling coverage, chiefs say, is one of the biggest and most time-consuming challenges when dealing with part-time officers.
“Every minute of every day you have a police officer patrolling the community,” said T.J. Klobucar, chief of Delmont police. “It's very challenging for us for scheduling purposes.”
He, and other chiefs, pore over the individual schedules of their officers, piecing them together like puzzles. Because exhaustion could be a concern, they attempt not to schedule officers back-to-back.
“Guys are doubling,” Klobucar said. “You have to keep track of what they're working at other departments. You have to work around what days they have court. I don't know what the solution would be.”
By the end of his week, Manley will log at least 60 hours among his three departments and court appearances.
It's a schedule that sometimes requires coordination with other officers to trade shifts, he said. And although it gets hectic, Manley said he does his best to set aside time for adequate rest and working out.
In Manor, Chief George Valmassoni said five out of eight of his officers are part-time.
“A lot of guys work more than one shift in different departments so depending on their schedule, it's real hard,” he said.
Another challenge chiefs face is dealing with a revolving-door atmosphere. When a police officer is hired straight from the academy, the hiring department takes on the burden of paying for a uniform, training and certification for that officer.
When a part-time officer leaves, the process starts all over.
“A lot of work goes in,” said Randy Glick, chief of Derry Borough police.
In his department, four of seven officers are part-time. Any new officer spends weeks with veteran officers learning local streets and how to file criminal complaints.
“When they come here, they've never written a traffic ticket. You have to show them,” Glick said. “Same thing with a criminal complaint. Then you have someone in the holding cell screaming, yelling and spitting at you while typing up a criminal complaint. That's a whole different atmosphere.”
The high turnover can strain relationships police officers try to build with community business owners and residents.
Those relationships are key when a crime has occurred, Glick said. He always knows who to ask when something has happened in the borough, but part-time officers who might only spend 16 hours in the community a week don't have that history, he said.
Turnover in Irwin is something acting Chief Dan Wensel deals with a few times a year. Recently, three part-time officers were hired.
Irwin police officers also patrol North Irwin. The borough had always relied on a part-time officer, but after the last chief resigned in May, council decided to contract with Irwin for coverage.
Officers will acclimate to the area and learn the roads, but Wensel said he is not sure how long they will be around.
“Obviously, we want to hire the best guy,” he said. “You're hiring quality officers, but you know they're going to be gone sooner rather than later.”
Although he's only been a police officer for two years, Manley has been in public service since he was a junior firefighter at 14. He said he plans to stay in the field and get into a full-time position.
“I highly enjoy my job,” Manley said. “I like a challenge.”
Amanda Dolasinski is a staff writer for Trib Total Media.
Show commenting policy
TribLive commenting policy
You are solely responsible for your comments and by using TribLive.com you agree to our Terms of Service.
We moderate comments. Our goal is to provide substantive commentary for a general readership. By screening submissions, we provide a space where readers can share intelligent and informed commentary that enhances the quality of our news and information.
While most comments will be posted if they are on-topic and not abusive, moderating decisions are subjective. We will make them as carefully and consistently as we can. Because of the volume of reader comments, we cannot review individual moderation decisions with readers.
We value thoughtful comments representing a range of views that make their point quickly and politely. We make an effort to protect discussions from repeated comments either by the same reader or different readers.
We follow the same standards for taste as the daily newspaper. A few things we won't tolerate: personal attacks, obscenity, vulgarity, profanity (including expletives and letters followed by dashes), commercial promotion, impersonations, incoherence, proselytizing and SHOUTING. Don't include URLs to Web sites.
We do not edit comments. They are either approved or deleted. We reserve the right to edit a comment that is quoted or excerpted in an article. In this case, we may fix spelling and punctuation.
We welcome strong opinions and criticism of our work, but we don't want comments to become bogged down with discussions of our policies and we will moderate accordingly.
We appreciate it when readers and people quoted in articles or blog posts point out errors of fact or emphasis and will investigate all assertions. But these suggestions should be sent via e-mail. To avoid distracting other readers, we won't publish comments that suggest a correction. Instead, corrections will be made in a blog post or in an article.
- North Irwin could tax fire department’s amusements
- Westinghouse lauds Irwin councilwoman Kelly
- North Huntingdon official suggests disbanding cycle unit
- Norwin School District considers feasibility of science and technology building
- Sweet tooths targeted by Irwin’s Lamp Theatre