Adams County town unveils Civil War Trails marker
By The Evening Sun (Hanover)
Published: Saturday, Oct. 13, 2012, 5:26 p.m.
Fairfield lies just miles from the Mason-Dixon Line, so during the Civil War, folks who lived there knew some sort of involvement was inevitable.
And it happened 150 years ago Thursday.
To mark the anniversary of Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's raid through Fairfield, community leaders debuted Fairfield's very own Civil War Trails wayside marker on Thursday.
The marker — the fourth in Adams County — is outside of the historic Fairfield Inn, 15 W. Main St., and gives visitors and Civil War buffs a mini-history lesson on the role the town played in the war between the states.
The marker actually commemorates two Fairfield Civil War events: Stuart's raid and the Battle of Fairfield, which occurred on the third and final day of the Battle of Gettysburg.
Fairfield Borough Councilman Dean Thomas has been instrumental in bringing the marker to town, and he was happy to see it finally unveiled after a two-year process that now puts Fairfield on the Civil War Trails map.
The Civil War Trails markers link events of the Civil War for visitors to follow as they explore historic places. Maps and information about the events they commemorate can be found online at www.CivilWarTrails.org.
Stuart's 1862 raid started in Virginia a couple of weeks after the Battle of Antietam and came through Maryland and into Pennsylvania, passing through Mercersburg, Chambersburg, Cashtown, McKnightstown and into Fairfield, said Adams County author and historian Tim Smith.
On Oct. 11, 1862, the Confederates tromped through town with roughly 1,800 troops and 900 horses, about 60 of them stolen from around the Fairfield area, he said. Troops looted the town, destroyed the post office, and took as prisoner Fairfield's postmaster, John B. Paxton, Smith said.
Additionally, the marker also commemorates the July 3, 1863, Battle of Fairfield.
The battle took place about two miles northwest of the wayside marker on what is now private farmland.
Show commenting policy
TribLive commenting policy
You are solely responsible for your comments and by using TribLive.com you agree to our Terms of Service.
We moderate comments. Our goal is to provide substantive commentary for a general readership. By screening submissions, we provide a space where readers can share intelligent and informed commentary that enhances the quality of our news and information.
While most comments will be posted if they are on-topic and not abusive, moderating decisions are subjective. We will make them as carefully and consistently as we can. Because of the volume of reader comments, we cannot review individual moderation decisions with readers.
We value thoughtful comments representing a range of views that make their point quickly and politely. We make an effort to protect discussions from repeated comments either by the same reader or different readers.
We follow the same standards for taste as the daily newspaper. A few things we won't tolerate: personal attacks, obscenity, vulgarity, profanity (including expletives and letters followed by dashes), commercial promotion, impersonations, incoherence, proselytizing and SHOUTING. Don't include URLs to Web sites.
We do not edit comments. They are either approved or deleted. We reserve the right to edit a comment that is quoted or excerpted in an article. In this case, we may fix spelling and punctuation.
We welcome strong opinions and criticism of our work, but we don't want comments to become bogged down with discussions of our policies and we will moderate accordingly.
We appreciate it when readers and people quoted in articles or blog posts point out errors of fact or emphasis and will investigate all assertions. But these suggestions should be sent via e-mail. To avoid distracting other readers, we won't publish comments that suggest a correction. Instead, corrections will be made in a blog post or in an article.