Civilians arm themselves against Mexican drug cartel
TEPALCATEPEC, Mexico — For lime grower Hipolito Mora, it was time to organize and pick up arms when a packing company controlled by a brutal drug cartel refused to buy his fruit. For Bishop Miguel Patino Velazquez, it was seeing civilians forced to fight back with their own guns that made him speak out. For Leticia, a lime picker too afraid of retribution to give her last name, it was the day she saw a taxi driver kidnapped in front of his two young children that persuaded her to join those taking the law into their own hands.
In Mexico, they call it “the drop that makes the glass overflow,” and it came at different points for the people living for years in fear of the brutal Knights Templar in the western Valley of Apatzingan, an emerald green tapestry of orchards bordered by blue-gray peaks.
“We lived in bondage, threatened by organized crime,” said Leticia, 40, who ekes out a living by picking fruit and selling chicken on the side. “They wanted to treat people like animals.”
Eight months after locals formed self-defense groups, they say they are free of the cartel in six municipalities of the Tierra Caliente, or “Hot Land,” which earned its moniker for the scorching weather but whose name has come to signify criminal activity.
What's more, the self-defense group leaders, who are clearly breaking Mexican law by picking up military-style arms to fight criminals, say the federal government is no longer arresting them, but it's recruiting them to help federal forces identify cartel members.
The Mexican government, which during seven years has repeatedly sent troops and federal police into the area without success, has reached its own limit: an Oct. 27 attack by alleged cartel agents on power distribution plants and electrical substations in 14 towns and cities that were intended to terrorize the public. At least 400,000 people were left in the dark.
Attorney General Jesus Murillo Karam arrived by helicopter in the ranch town of Tepalcatepec two days later to meet with self-defense group leaders.
“The attorney general came with two army generals to speak to me and said, ‘We've come to help. What do you want us to do?' ” said Dr. Jose Manuel Mireles, self-defense group leader in Tepalcatepec, speaking over breakfast in a grove of fat mango trees, his two-way radio crackling with movements of his patrols.
He said the government promised operations in major cities across the state. Federal security spokesman Eduardo Sanchez did not respond to requests for comment about the government's cooperation.
On Monday, military and federal police moved into the Michoacan port of Lazaro Cardenas, a major source of cartel income because of the trafficking of drugs and precursor chemicals, as well as extortion.
They dismissed 113 local police and took over security. About 40 officers were bused to Mexico City for questioning into rumors of corruption, according to one security official who was not authorized to speak on the record.
On Thursday, the army arrested the entire 25-officer police force of Vista Hermosa, in northern Michoacan, a violent area where the Knights Templar are battling the New Generation, a cartel in neighboring Jalisco state.
The self-defense groups started small with just a few dozen civilians from two communities: lime pickers, ranchers and business owners who began patrolling the streets, setting up roadblocks and ambushing the Knights Templar as the drug men roamed with their heavy artillery and grand sport utility vehicles. The ragtag groups claim several thousand members in a valley of more than 300,000 people, competing with the cartel in raw numbers if not firepower.
Despite some success in the six municipalities of Tierra Caliente, the cartel continues to enforce a stranglehold on Michoacan, a rich farming state that is a major exporter of lime, avocado and mango.
On Thursday, Ygnacio Lopez Mendoza, a Michoacan mayor who staged a hunger strike in Mexico City to seek government help, saying he was extorted by the cartel, was found dead in his car after being taken from his home, according to a local government association.
Show commenting policy
TribLive commenting policy
You are solely responsible for your comments and by using TribLive.com you agree to our Terms of Service.
We moderate comments. Our goal is to provide substantive commentary for a general readership. By screening submissions, we provide a space where readers can share intelligent and informed commentary that enhances the quality of our news and information.
While most comments will be posted if they are on-topic and not abusive, moderating decisions are subjective. We will make them as carefully and consistently as we can. Because of the volume of reader comments, we cannot review individual moderation decisions with readers.
We value thoughtful comments representing a range of views that make their point quickly and politely. We make an effort to protect discussions from repeated comments either by the same reader or different readers.
We follow the same standards for taste as the daily newspaper. A few things we won't tolerate: personal attacks, obscenity, vulgarity, profanity (including expletives and letters followed by dashes), commercial promotion, impersonations, incoherence, proselytizing and SHOUTING. Don't include URLs to Web sites.
We do not edit comments. They are either approved or deleted. We reserve the right to edit a comment that is quoted or excerpted in an article. In this case, we may fix spelling and punctuation.
We welcome strong opinions and criticism of our work, but we don't want comments to become bogged down with discussions of our policies and we will moderate accordingly.
We appreciate it when readers and people quoted in articles or blog posts point out errors of fact or emphasis and will investigate all assertions. But these suggestions should be sent via e-mail. To avoid distracting other readers, we won't publish comments that suggest a correction. Instead, corrections will be made in a blog post or in an article.
- Starkey: Stupid Steelers
- Steelers running backs Bell, Blount will face drug charges
- It’s only exhibition, but these Steelers could solidify roster spots vs. Eagles
- Munhall council president says layoffs possible
- Surprise jump in students forces hiring at Elizabeth Forward schools
- Traffic accident, weather problems cause Mon-Yough roads to close
- Glassport council moves forward with police station; councilman resigns
- Judge gives Elizabeth Township Authority 3 weeks to decide lawyer fees
- 2 dead in New Kensington shooting; woman says male victim her son
- Pitt sophomore Coles leaves football team
- Man admits preying on Lower Burrell neighbor, taking more than $100K in money, goods