Hole in heart could explain Penguins defenseman Letang's stroke
Kris Letang is so health-conscious that he limits his alcohol intake to one glass of wine per year, a spartan regimen unheard of for a hockey player. He is known as a workout freak who stays in top condition year-round.
But neither his diligence nor personal habits could plug a hole in his heart known as PFO that might have caused the Penguins' 26-year-old All-Star defenseman to suffer a stroke last week.
PFO, or patent foramen ovale, affects 20 to 25 percent of Americans, according to doctors. Some of the holes have a flap-like opening; others do not.
All babies have the hole before they are born. After birth, the hole usually closes within 72 hours, sometimes with the first breath.
“But with up to a quarter of patients, the hole doesn't close,” said Dr. John Girod, a cardiologist at St. Clair Hospital in Mt. Lebanon. Even when the flap remains open, “most of the time it's of no consequence,” he said.
It might have been of consequence for Letang, who was diagnosed with a small hole between his heart's upper (atrial) chambers, the Penguins said.
The team on Friday announced that Letang suffered a stroke, perhaps as early as Jan. 30. He missed a game in Los Angeles that night and continued to feel ill, missing Saturday's game in Phoenix. A series of tests there and in Pittsburgh confirmed the stroke. Letang is expected to miss at least six weeks.
Dr. Dharmesh Vyas, an orthopedic surgeon who is part of the Penguins' medical team, accompanied the club on the road last week. The Penguins are one of two teams — Chicago is the other — to travel with their own doctors.
“Strokes in young adults are rare,” said Dr. Barry Love, director of the congenital cardiac catheterization laboratory at Mount Sinai Medical Center in New York City.
Love said risk factors such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol usually seen with older stroke patients rarely lead to strokes among those younger than 50.
Irregular heart rhythm (atrial fibrillation) is another minimal risk factor for the young, he said.
That leaves PFO as a possible cause. PFO, Love said, “can allow small clots made in the veins that would normally be filtered harmlessly by the lungs to pass to the left side of the heart directly to the brain, causing a stroke.”
He added, “It is difficult to prove that a given stroke came from a PFO.”
“Clearly not everybody (with PFO) is having a stroke,” said Dr. Harsimran Singh, director of adult congenital heart disease at Weill Cornell Medical College at New York Presbyterian Hospital.
He said a cryptogenic stroke, which has no known causes or risk factors, “likely” can be caused by PFO.
“In a patient who is young like a hockey player and has no other risk factors, and everything looks OK, it definitely becomes a high possibility,” said Singh, who has no firsthand knowledge about Letang.
It is not known whether Letang was diagnosed with other risk factors.
Singh and others noted a split in the medical community about whether surgery to repair the hole would minimize the risk of a stroke or prevent another stroke.
Two famous stroke victims, former New England Patriots linebacker Tedy Bruschi and rock singer and TV personality Bret Michaels, a Butler native, recovered and had their PFOs closed.
Bruschi suffered a stroke in February 2005 at age 31. He returned to the field the following season and played another three seasons.
Although Love said recent clinical trials have failed to prove an advantage to PFO closure over aspirin or stronger blood thinners, the constant threat of flying sticks, skates and pucks would prompt him to recommend that Letang undergo the procedure.
“If Kris Letang were my patient, I would not want him on blood thinners while playing hockey,” Love said.
Show commenting policy
TribLive commenting policy
You are solely responsible for your comments and by using TribLive.com you agree to our Terms of Service.
We moderate comments. Our goal is to provide substantive commentary for a general readership. By screening submissions, we provide a space where readers can share intelligent and informed commentary that enhances the quality of our news and information.
While most comments will be posted if they are on-topic and not abusive, moderating decisions are subjective. We will make them as carefully and consistently as we can. Because of the volume of reader comments, we cannot review individual moderation decisions with readers.
We value thoughtful comments representing a range of views that make their point quickly and politely. We make an effort to protect discussions from repeated comments either by the same reader or different readers.
We follow the same standards for taste as the daily newspaper. A few things we won't tolerate: personal attacks, obscenity, vulgarity, profanity (including expletives and letters followed by dashes), commercial promotion, impersonations, incoherence, proselytizing and SHOUTING. Don't include URLs to Web sites.
We do not edit comments. They are either approved or deleted. We reserve the right to edit a comment that is quoted or excerpted in an article. In this case, we may fix spelling and punctuation.
We welcome strong opinions and criticism of our work, but we don't want comments to become bogged down with discussions of our policies and we will moderate accordingly.
We appreciate it when readers and people quoted in articles or blog posts point out errors of fact or emphasis and will investigate all assertions. But these suggestions should be sent via e-mail. To avoid distracting other readers, we won't publish comments that suggest a correction. Instead, corrections will be made in a blog post or in an article.
- Va. State will test Cal U’s defense
- Different concerns for Salvino
- Child sex case continued
- Steelers laud decision, praise Brady for taking on Goodell
- Merger of Mon Valley Councils of Governments delayed until Oct. 1
- With most starters resting, Steelers turn in lackluster loss at Heinz
- Operator should have waited after ATV, train collision, Perry Township chief contends
- Directors to view Southmoreland High upgrades
- Experts warn Kane’s Haiti trip might jeopardize any case from 2014 wiretap
- Repairs on Adelaide Road set to begin
- Frazier School District mulls $1.5M loan