Addiction 'epidemic' concerns Wecht
The drug addicts and dealers that famed forensic pathologist Dr. Cyril H. Wecht worries about the most do not hang out on street corners in bad neighborhoods.
Many “dealers” are doctors or licensed pharmacists, and some users have real medical conditions. But the pervasive use of prescription medicine, Wecht says, is “an epidemic.”
“There is no demographic. They are rich and poor, black and white, from rural and urban areas,” he said. “It's a situation that is out of control for many reasons.”
Prescription drug abuse is the nation's fastest-growing drug problem, according to the latest Drug Enforcement Administration's Drug Threat Assessment, released in November.
Prescription pain medications are the most commonly abused prescription drugs and are the ones most often involved in overdoses, the report said.
The estimated number of emergency department visits nationwide involving non-medical use of prescription opiates increased 112 percent — 84,671 to 179,787 — between 2006 and 2010, according to the DEA.
In Allegheny County, accidental drug, poison or alcohol deaths rose from 224 in 2009 to 289 in 2012 — a 29 percent increase — statistics from the Allegheny County Medical Examiner's Office show.
Overdoses from prescription and illegal drugs have been the leading cause of accidental deaths and suicides in Westmoreland County in seven of the past eight years, according to the county's Department of Human Services. Westmoreland County had 78 overdose deaths in 2012 compared with 22 in 2002.
Washington County had 40 overdose deaths in 2012, down from 46 the year before, according to the office of Washington County Coroner Tim Warco. In 1992, the office recorded two overdose deaths.
Lily Brindle, a psychotherapist and outreach specialist at Gateway Rehabilitation Clinic, said she has seen prescription drug abuse from users as young as 13 — who take pills from their parents' and grandparents' medicine cabinets — to the elderly, who take opiates for legitimate pain issues, build up a tolerance and get hooked.
It is usually the users in their 20s and 30s, however, who make the switch from prescription drugs such as Vicodin, hydrocodone and OxyContin — which can sell on the street for up to $80 a pill — to heroin, which gives them the same kind of high at a fraction of the cost, Brindle said. A stamp bag of heroin sells for about $10.
Wecht said a solution must be “done by a quartet” of government agencies, physicians, pharmacists and law enforcement. He doesn't think any amount of prevention will stop the problem, “but we certainly can diminish it,” he said.
One effort Wecht supports is an electronic database that would allow doctors and pharmacists to see what other medications someone has been prescribed. Forty-seven states have such programs, according to the National Alliance for Model State Drug Laws.
“This is an important, life-saving tool,” said state Rep. Matt Baker, R-Wellsboro, Tioga County, who in October introduced legislation to establish a statewide database.
“The programs improve patient care and prescribing practices, help uncover drug diversion, identify doctor shopping and will provide training of health care professionals in prevention, identification of drug problems and referral when appropriate,” Baker said.
The measure is in the Senate Public Health and Welfare Committee.
In addition to the database, Brindle advocates educating young people about the dangers of drugs, alerting teachers to the signs of abuse and making sure local judges aren't too lenient simply because they perceive prescription drugs “aren't that bad.”
“Just because something is a prescription drug there's this pretense that it's prescribed by a physician, so it's safe. But these are some really potent medications,” she said. “You really wonder how they're surviving it, truthfully.”
Adam Brandolph is a Trib Total Media staff writer. Reach him at 412-391-0927 or email@example.com.
Show commenting policy
TribLive commenting policy
You are solely responsible for your comments and by using TribLive.com you agree to our Terms of Service.
We moderate comments. Our goal is to provide substantive commentary for a general readership. By screening submissions, we provide a space where readers can share intelligent and informed commentary that enhances the quality of our news and information.
While most comments will be posted if they are on-topic and not abusive, moderating decisions are subjective. We will make them as carefully and consistently as we can. Because of the volume of reader comments, we cannot review individual moderation decisions with readers.
We value thoughtful comments representing a range of views that make their point quickly and politely. We make an effort to protect discussions from repeated comments either by the same reader or different readers.
We follow the same standards for taste as the daily newspaper. A few things we won't tolerate: personal attacks, obscenity, vulgarity, profanity (including expletives and letters followed by dashes), commercial promotion, impersonations, incoherence, proselytizing and SHOUTING. Don't include URLs to Web sites.
We do not edit comments. They are either approved or deleted. We reserve the right to edit a comment that is quoted or excerpted in an article. In this case, we may fix spelling and punctuation.
We welcome strong opinions and criticism of our work, but we don't want comments to become bogged down with discussions of our policies and we will moderate accordingly.
We appreciate it when readers and people quoted in articles or blog posts point out errors of fact or emphasis and will investigate all assertions. But these suggestions should be sent via e-mail. To avoid distracting other readers, we won't publish comments that suggest a correction. Instead, corrections will be made in a blog post or in an article.
- Leadership rises as issue for Pa. voters in new poll
- Citation of police observer called ‘abuse of power’ by Pittsburgh police
- 3 Brentwood council members submit resignation letters
- Newsmaker: Dr. Randy Hebert
- Attorney: ‘Wife will kill me’ if I miss childbirth for court hearing
- Miles seeks new trial in 2010 beating by 3 Pittsburgh officers
- Pittsburgh region enjoys healthy dose of ‘brain gain’
- Penn Hills school board accepts building sale
- Wilkinsburg School District hires embattled Penn Hills business affairs director
- Shadyside-based Niche.com mines surveys, data for school ratings
- Newsmaker: Dr. Elizabeth Chow