Comet may light up Thanksgiving in Western Pa.
A 4.5-billion-year-old comet hurtling toward the sun could give viewers in Southwestern Pennsylvania something extra to look forward to on Turkey Day — if the gargantuan body of dust, ice and gas doesn't disintegrate before it gets there.
Comet ISON — named for the International Scientific Optical Network, a group of observatories in 10 countries that have organized to detect, monitor and track objects in space — was discovered in September 2012 and could come within a million miles of the sun on Thanksgiving Day.
The comet, which is the first visible to the naked eye in the Pittsburgh area since the late 1990s, was originally predicted to be as bright as the moon when the sun's particles hit it, said Dan Malerbo with the Carnegie Science Center.
Malerbo said those estimates are probably overstated, though the comet has brightened within the past week. Scientists are worried about the comet's future.
“It's still unpredictable,” said Malerbo, a program development coordinator with Buhl Planetarium. “We don't know what's going to happen. We don't know if it's going to survive.”
There's a chance the comet could disintegrate. As it approaches the sun, gravity could rip it apart. NASA reported on Saturday that ISON was passing Earth, which is an average distance of 93 million miles from the sun.
Wider than Australia, ISON originated in the Oort Cloud, a region of space that's home to billions of comets and other icy bodies. From the perspective of Southwestern Pennsylvania, the comet is heading toward the eastern horizon.
If it survives, the comet will swing around the sun and appear on the other side. Malerbo said scientists predict that could happen Thanksgiving morning.
Lou Coban, who manages the University of Pittsburgh's Allegheny Observatory in the North Side, said if the comet survives, it would be visible to the naked eye on the east-southeast horizon in the morning through early December.
Through late December and early January, as it climbs away from the horizon, it should be visible throughout the night. ISON will be closest to Earth on Dec. 26, when scientists with NASA report it will pass the planet again from about 28 million miles away.
Viewers in the area can look for the comet near the southeastern horizon this week and should use binoculars or a small telescope for a better glimpse, Malerbo said.
While Comet ISON could provide a brilliant show for viewers, Coban said scientists study the comet to better understand the makeup of the solar system.
“They think that most of the comets are sort of the building blocks of life in the solar system,” he said. “They have gas, dust and water, like dirty snowballs, and they may harbor certain kinds of bacteria that landed on early Earth.”
Astronomers can look at the light reflected from comets to determine their composition, he said. Malerbo said understanding the early solar system is important, but so is understanding comets so we can protect ourselves from them.
“Studying comets can also save our lives one day,” Malerbo said. “There could be a comet heading right at us, and by studying comets and learning about them, we're trying to come up with a plan to defend ourselves from a comet or an asteroid one day if we would need to.”
Anna Orso is a freelance reporter based in State College.
Show commenting policy
TribLive commenting policy
You are solely responsible for your comments and by using TribLive.com you agree to our Terms of Service.
We moderate comments. Our goal is to provide substantive commentary for a general readership. By screening submissions, we provide a space where readers can share intelligent and informed commentary that enhances the quality of our news and information.
While most comments will be posted if they are on-topic and not abusive, moderating decisions are subjective. We will make them as carefully and consistently as we can. Because of the volume of reader comments, we cannot review individual moderation decisions with readers.
We value thoughtful comments representing a range of views that make their point quickly and politely. We make an effort to protect discussions from repeated comments either by the same reader or different readers.
We follow the same standards for taste as the daily newspaper. A few things we won't tolerate: personal attacks, obscenity, vulgarity, profanity (including expletives and letters followed by dashes), commercial promotion, impersonations, incoherence, proselytizing and SHOUTING. Don't include URLs to Web sites.
We do not edit comments. They are either approved or deleted. We reserve the right to edit a comment that is quoted or excerpted in an article. In this case, we may fix spelling and punctuation.
We welcome strong opinions and criticism of our work, but we don't want comments to become bogged down with discussions of our policies and we will moderate accordingly.
We appreciate it when readers and people quoted in articles or blog posts point out errors of fact or emphasis and will investigate all assertions. But these suggestions should be sent via e-mail. To avoid distracting other readers, we won't publish comments that suggest a correction. Instead, corrections will be made in a blog post or in an article.
- Firefighter hurt in 3-alarm fire at Jefferson Hills restaurant
- Controversial McKeesport building destroyed by fire
- Pennsylvania religious freedom law does not extend to for-profits
- Planned Uptown revival priority for City of Pittsburgh
- North Versailles couple faults construction company for damage to property
- None hurt in Duquesne house fire
- Arrivals from Paris soon will avoid extra screening at Pittsburgh International
- Ex-prosecutor concerned with latest Pa. child abuse findings
- Man shot several times in Allentown
- Shortfalls sabotage promise of union retirees’ pensions
- CCAC president looks to fill educational niche in burgeoning restaurant industry