Video games a flash point in Connecticut school rampage's aftermath
The National Rifle Association and others call violent video games a spark for real-life brutality.
But those urging increased scrutiny of the industry because of reports that such video games enthralled the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooter should look to previous efforts. Scholars warn that past attempts to regulate the industry fell flat, sometimes on free-speech grounds.
Research links violent gaming with aggressive tendencies, but no studies definitively peg them as a cause of fatal attacks, researchers said.
“I wouldn't be surprised to see different legislatures or different politicians introducing measures, trying to see if we can have more studies of kids and violent games. It's a high-profile thing,” said Mia Consalvo, a faculty member and Canada Research Chair in Game Studies and Design at Montreal-based Concordia University.
“Unfortunately, it's one thread among many,” Consalvo said. “It's kind of looking for an easy solution when there probably isn't one.”
Adam Lanza, 20, who killed his mother before fatally shooting 20 children, six adults and himself on Dec. 14 in Newtown, Conn., played graphic video games such as “Call of Duty,” according to published reports.
Within days of the massacre, Sen. Jay Rockefeller, D-W.Va., introduced legislation that would order the National Academy of Sciences to investigate how violent video games affect children and to report findings within 18 months.
“I have long expressed concern about the impact of the violent content our kids see and interact with every day,” Rockefeller said.
NRA leader Wayne LaPierre picked up the theme last week, flaying “vicious, violent video games” as “the filthiest form of pornography.” The NRA did not respond to a Tribune-Review interview request.
Ed Kowalski, 43, of New Kensington said his three stepkids' grades went “through the roof” after they cut back on video games. He said the kids — ages 13, 10 and 8 — often have trouble focusing after playing for extended periods.
“These things take kids into oblivion,” Kowalski said. “We believe those age restrictions are important for any kid.”
Industry observers said video game criticism is nothing new. A rating system begun in 1994 took shape as technology allowed manufacturers to sell more realistic games. Senate hearings pushed the industry to develop the ratings.
It's up to retailers to verify a buyer's age for purchases of games rated “M” for mature or “AO” for adults only, according to the Entertainment Software Rating Board. A representative for the rating board would not comment, and another key industry group, the Entertainment Software Association, did not respond to calls.
The rating board's website says national retailers refuse to sell M-rated games to underage customers 87 percent of the time, according to a federal review.
The U.S. Supreme Court invoked First Amendment rights in June 2011 when it rejected a California law that would have banned sales to anyone younger than 18. Five years earlier, a federal judge ruled unconstitutional a Michigan law that barred retailers from selling such games to minors. In Utah, then-Gov. Jon Huntsman vetoed a 2009 bill that would have punished stores for selling M-rated games to minors.
State Sen. Leland Yee, a San Francisco Democrat who introduced the ill-fated California bill, said the video game industry since has “done a better job of voluntarily limiting the sale of games to children.”
Ohio State University professor Brad Bushman has studied video games and not found a direct causal connection between violent games and extreme behavior.
So many factors fuel violent conduct that it's impossible to identify video games as a singular cause. It's especially complicated to study because ethical researchers cannot give guns and knives to video game fans just to see what happens, he said.
At the same time, Bushman said, research has found ties between violent gaming and generally aggressive behavior. He said the industry could put warning labels on violent games and make it harder for children to buy M-rated games on the Internet.
“I'd be more surprised if Adam Lanza did not play violent video games than if he did play violent video games. Almost everyone his age does,” though few become murderers, Bushman said.
The industry evolved its approach over the years, adding a feature that lets gaming system owners lock out adult games, Consalvo said.
“I think we can ask why, as a culture, we enjoy so much violent content, not just in games but in film and television — and why that's so appealing,” she said. “But that's a much larger conversation.”
Adam Smeltz is a staff writer for Trib Total Media.He can be reached at 412-380-5676 or email@example.com.The Associated Press contributed to this report.
Show commenting policy
TribLive commenting policy
You are solely responsible for your comments and by using TribLive.com you agree to our Terms of Service.
We moderate comments. Our goal is to provide substantive commentary for a general readership. By screening submissions, we provide a space where readers can share intelligent and informed commentary that enhances the quality of our news and information.
While most comments will be posted if they are on-topic and not abusive, moderating decisions are subjective. We will make them as carefully and consistently as we can. Because of the volume of reader comments, we cannot review individual moderation decisions with readers.
We value thoughtful comments representing a range of views that make their point quickly and politely. We make an effort to protect discussions from repeated comments either by the same reader or different readers.
We follow the same standards for taste as the daily newspaper. A few things we won't tolerate: personal attacks, obscenity, vulgarity, profanity (including expletives and letters followed by dashes), commercial promotion, impersonations, incoherence, proselytizing and SHOUTING. Don't include URLs to Web sites.
We do not edit comments. They are either approved or deleted. We reserve the right to edit a comment that is quoted or excerpted in an article. In this case, we may fix spelling and punctuation.
We welcome strong opinions and criticism of our work, but we don't want comments to become bogged down with discussions of our policies and we will moderate accordingly.
We appreciate it when readers and people quoted in articles or blog posts point out errors of fact or emphasis and will investigate all assertions. But these suggestions should be sent via e-mail. To avoid distracting other readers, we won't publish comments that suggest a correction. Instead, corrections will be made in a blog post or in an article.
- Real estate union: Howard Hanna buys Langholz Wilson Ellis
- Undersized Beachum quietly excels at 1 of game’s pivotal positions
- Steelers notebook: Polamalu, Taylor unlikely to play, Harrison ‘ready’
- Pirates sign Corey Hart to 1-year deal
- Michigan State defensive coordinator a Pitt coaching candidate
- Police gather in Ligonier for Perryopolis officer’s funeral
- Pitt: Football coach hire comes 1st, athletic director 2nd
- Hotel building boom sweeps Pittsburgh region
- Man involved with crash with officer dies in Pittsburgh hospital
- Port Authority fires two bus drivers involved in rollover crash
- Penguins’ defensive depth proves valuable