Afghans turn out to vote despite rain, Taliban threats
KABUL, Afghanistan — Millions of Afghans defied Taliban threats and rain on Saturday, underscoring their enormous expectations from an election that occurs as the country's wobbly government prepares to face down a ferocious insurgency on its own.
With combat forces from the U.S.-led coalition winding down a 13-year presence and Hamid Karzai stepping aside, the country's new leader will find an altered landscape as he replaces the only president Afghans have known since the Taliban were ousted in the wake of the 9/11 attacks.
But for some progress, particularly with women's rights, the nation's situation is inauspicious, especially with its poor security and battered economy. Yet despite spiraling carnage and disappointments, Afghans by the millions crowded mosque courtyards and lined up at schools to vote, telling a war-weary world that they want their voices heard.
Nazia Azizi, a 40-year-old housewife, was first in line at a school in eastern Kabul. “I have suffered so much from the fighting, and I want prosperity and security in Afghanistan. That is why I have come here to cast my vote,” she said. “I hope that the votes that we are casting will be counted and that there will be no fraud in this election.”
Partial results could occur as early as Sunday, but final results are not expected for a week or more.
International combat troops are supposed to depart by the end of the year, leaving Afghan security forces — not battle-tested and plagued with insurgents, even among their ranks — to fight alone against what is likely to be an intensified campaign by the Taliban to regain power.
A security agreement with the United States would allow thousands of foreign troops to remain in the country to continue training security forces after 2014.
Karzai — perhaps trying to shake off his image as a creation of the Americans — has refused to sign it, but all eight presidential candidates say they will.
In congratulating Afghanistan on the election, President Obama said it represents “another important milestone in Afghans taking full responsibility for their country as the United States and our partners draw down our forces.”
“These elections are critical to securing Afghanistan's democratic future, as well as continued international support, and we look to the Afghan electoral bodies to carry out their duties in the coming weeks,” Obama said in a statement.
Secretary of State John Kerry said the “vote demonstrates how committed the Afghan people are to protecting and advancing their democracy.” He added that the United States “remains ready to work with the next president of Afghanistan.”
There do not appear to be major policy differences toward the West among the front-runners: Abdullah Abdullah, Karzai's top rival in the last election; Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai, an academic and former World Bank official; and Zalmai Rassoul, a former foreign minister. A runoff is widely expected.
The eight preach against fraud and corruption and vow to improve security, while they differ on other issues, such as the country's border dispute with Pakistan.
The run-up to the election was troubling: the Islamic radicals of the Taliban, reviled by many but popular in some areas, view the entire enterprise as the work of outsiders and infidels, and they vowed to disrupt it by targeting polling centers and election workers.
To drive home the threat, insurgents in recent weeks stepped up shootings and bombings in the heart of Kabul to show they are capable of striking, even in highly secured areas. A restaurant popular with foreigners and one of the capital's main hotels were hit, killing many. Suicide bombers struck relentlessly.
On Friday, veteran Associated Press photographer Anja Niedringhaus was killed and AP reporter Kathy Gannon was wounded when a local policeman opened fire as they sat in their car on the outskirts of Khost, in eastern Afghanistan. The two were at a security forces base, waiting to move in a convoy of election workers delivering ballots — apparent victims of an “insider attack” in which the very people tasked with protection turn out to be insurgents.
On Saturday, the excitement over choosing a leader appeared to overwhelm the fear of bloodshed in many areas.
Karzai cast his ballot at a high school near the presidential palace.
“Today for us, the people of Afghanistan, is a very vital day that will determine our national future,” he said, his finger stained with the indelible ink being used to prevent people from voting twice.
On Saturday, dozens of planned polling centers did not open because of rocket and gunfire attacks. A bomb exploded in a school packed with voters in the Mohammad Agha district of Logar province, wounding two men, one seriously, said local government spokesman Din Mohammad Darwesh.
The turnout was so high that some polling centers ran out of ballots, one of the main points of criticism to emerge from an otherwise relatively smooth process.
Independent Election Commission Chairman Ahmad Yousuf Nouristani said estimates showed more than 7 million ballots were cast, although he cautioned that was based on preliminary information. He said that in all, 6,218 polling centers opened.