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Vets share stories for St. Vincent oral history project

Steph Chambers | Tribune-Review - Julius Falcon, a World War II veteran and bugler, reaches for sheet music on Feb. 8, 2014 at Westmoreland Manor senior home. Falcon will be featured in the next book of oral histories published by the Center for Northern Appalachian Studies at St. Vincent and has has played taps at more than 6,00 veterans funerals He turned 92 last month.
<div style='float:right;width:100%;' align='right'><em>Steph Chambers  |  Tribune-Review</em></div>Julius Falcon, a World War II veteran and bugler, reaches for sheet music on Feb. 8, 2014 at Westmoreland Manor senior home. Falcon will be featured in the next book of oral histories published by the Center for Northern Appalachian Studies at St. Vincent and has has played taps at more than 6,00 veterans funerals  He turned 92 last month.
Evan Sanders | Tribune-Review - Ed Hutchinson, photographed at Hutchinson & Gunter in Greensburg on Wednesday, February 12, 2014. Hutchinson is one of the many locals sharing their experiences during World War II, for an oral history project at St Vincent College, in a new book coming out this spring.
<div style='float:right;width:100%;' align='right'><em>Evan Sanders | Tribune-Review</em></div>Ed Hutchinson, photographed at Hutchinson & Gunter in Greensburg on Wednesday, February 12, 2014.  Hutchinson is one of the many locals sharing their experiences during World War II, for an oral history project at St Vincent College, in a new book coming out this spring.
Steph Chambers | Tribune-Review - Julius Falcon, a World War II veteran and bugler who will be featured in the next book of oral histories published by the Center for Northern Appalachian Studies at St. Vincent, has has played taps at more than 6,00 veterans funerals He turned 92 last month. Portrait taken Saturday, Feb. 8, 2014 at Westmoreland Manor.
<div style='float:right;width:100%;' align='right'><em>Steph Chambers  |  Tribune-Review</em></div>Julius Falcon, a World War II veteran and bugler who will be featured in the next book of oral histories published by the Center for Northern Appalachian Studies at St. Vincent, has has played taps at more than 6,00 veterans funerals  He turned 92 last month. Portrait taken Saturday, Feb. 8, 2014 at Westmoreland Manor.
Steph Chambers | Tribune-Review - Julius Falcon, a World War II veteran and bugler, plays his trumpet on Feb. 8, 2014 at Westmoreland Manor senior home. Falcon will be featured in the next book of oral histories published by the Center for Northern Appalachian Studies at St. Vincent and has has played taps at more than 6,00 veterans funerals He turned 92 last month.
<div style='float:right;width:100%;' align='right'><em>Steph Chambers  |  Tribune-Review</em></div>Julius Falcon, a World War II veteran and bugler, plays his trumpet on Feb. 8, 2014 at Westmoreland Manor senior home. Falcon will be featured in the next book of oral histories published by the Center for Northern Appalachian Studies at St. Vincent and has has played taps at more than 6,00 veterans funerals  He turned 92 last month.
- Hank Spino
Hank Spino
- Bob Mentzer
Bob Mentzer
- Joseph Weis
Joseph Weis

‘Day to day'

Weis was severely wounded when a mortar shell fractured his pelvis and shrapnel ripped through his legs and lower torso. He lost some of his intestines.

Spino, a B-17 pilot who spent 22 months in a German POW camp, said the prisoners lived on “very skimpy rations.”

“We lived from day to day, wondering if the war would ever end,” he told the researchers at St. Vincent. “We dug tunnels and planned escapes. I read books — 232 of them.”

A career pilot in the Air Force, Spino died in 2012. He was 92.

Miaskewicz, mayor of Jeannette from 1974 to 1977, was preparing to jump from his B-17 over the Danube after losing two engines when the crew realized the silk in their parachutes had been stolen and replaced with paper.

Forced to stretch their flight south toward Greece before heading toward Italy, they eventually landed with just 25 gallons of the 2,750 gallons they had when they began their mission.

Miaskewicz, who worked at the Elliott Co. as a mechanical engineer after the war, died in 2010. He was 87.

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Sunday, March 2, 2014, 5:46 p.m.
 

The trumpet Julius Falcon played as a kid got him into high school football games for free and through the South Pacific during World War II.

“I loved playing that thing,” said Falcon, who turned 92 on Jan. 16.

Because he was too small to make the Greensburg High School football team, the $9.95 trumpet his father bought at Sears & Roebuck was his ticket into the games as a member of the band. In combat with the Army's 158th Regional Combat Team, the so-called Bushmasters, Falcon used his trumpet skills to make a deal with God.

“I told Him that if He got me through this war, I'd play taps for any veteran's family who wanted me to until I was unable … God kept his promise and I kept mine,” he told researchers at the Center for Northern Appalachian Studies at St. Vincent College who are compiling the stories of veterans for a series of books.

“I've played for a lot of people, but I'm done now,” Falcon told the Tribune-Review. He played taps for more than 4,400 veterans' funerals and memorial services.

The St. Vincent center's fifth and latest book of military histories, “Victorious! From Hometown America to Tokyo Bay: 1941-1945,” will be released in early spring.

In addition to Falcon, the book includes the stories of POW Frank Louis “Hank” Spino, the brother of Dr. Pascal Spino, a well-known Greensburg physician; Bob Mentzer, who owned Rhey and Mentzer Ford; former Jeannette mayor Richard Miaskewicz; Greensburg Fire Chief Ed Hutchinson; and Joseph Weis Jr. of the North Side, who became a federal appeals court judge.

The effort to maintain their histories is important because of “an urgent need to preserve and publish the experiences of the ordinary soldier,” said Richard Wissolik, the center's director.

About 1,800 World War II vets die each day, the Department of Veterans Affairs estimates. In Pennsylvania, more than 8,000 died last year.

Beyond the historical importance is the idea of “remembrance,” Wissolik said.

Congress passed a bill authorizing the establishment of a federally sponsored program to gather video and audio recordings of veterans in October 2000.

The project has become a labor of love for the St. Vincent center's staff.

“Through it all, I gained a better understanding of what these men went through,” said John DePaul, one of five general editors on the project. “What it was like to be in a foxhole with lice all over you. These men were really something special.”

Craig Smith is a staff writer for Trib Total Media.

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