Strike Putin where it hurts
Future historians may recall Barack Obama's foreign policy as the Clash of the Cliches: Every time the president draws a red line, he winds up painting himself into the corner. He did it with Syria, making bellicose threats he couldn't back up, and now he's done it with Ukraine. After Obama warned Russia to back off — “there will be consequences if people step over the line” — Vladimir Putin snorted in disdain and invaded the country anyway.
So what are the consequences? None in sight. Neither the United States nor anyone else is going to get into a war over who controls Crimea. And if Obama proposes economic sanctions, he'll find himself pretty much going it alone.
Russia, as the world's third-largest producer of both oil and natural gas, is just too important for most countries to play economic hardball with. The Western European nations who are most dismayed by Putin's adventuring in Ukraine also are the least able to do anything about it: More than a third of their natural gas is supplied by Russia.
Fortunately, Obama has some options that won't require him to ask Congress for a supplemental appropriation for red-paint thinner. Without risking a life or spending a penny, he can bring crushing pressure to bear on Putin. All he's got to do is borrow a page from Ronald Reagan's foreign policy playbook.
Reagan's military confrontations with Putin's Soviet predecessors — the contras, the mujahedeen, Star Wars — are well known. But his most effective policy is less remembered: Reagan relentlessly jawboned Saudi Arabia to boost its oil production.
That increased supply and decreased prices, ripping the heart out of Moscow's oil-export business, sent its already shaky economy into a tailspin. Less than a decade later, the Soviet Union collapsed.
Obama can do the same thing to Putin, without even asking for help from Saudi Arabia. All he has to do is stop interfering with the U.S. production of natural gas through fracking and stop blocking construction of the Keystone XL oil pipeline. But Obama has been dragging his feet for years on approval of the pipeline, even after the latest of the hoops he set for approval — a State Department report on the pipeline's environmental impact — gave it a clean bill of health.
Oil and gas exports have been Putin's salvation. When he came to power, the energy market was hot, with skyrocketing Chinese demand and a supply constricted by Hurricane Katrina, the second Gulf War and Hugo Chávez's economic nuttiness in Venezuela.
Oil and gas grew to be 70 percent of Russia's exports and funded 7 percent annual economic growth. The burgeoning Russian middle class, in return, was willing to overlook Putin's anti-democratic quirks. If the good times end, so will his support. Ronald Reagan would have figured that out.
Glenn Garvin is a columnist for The Miami Herald.