In my 2002 book, “Pittsburgh During the American Civil War 1860-1865,” I devoted an entire chapter to the fortifications mentioned in Craig Smith's news story “Civil War history hides in, around Pittsburgh” (June 17 and TribLIVE.com).
In the early 1990s, Bill McCarthy and I, at the time both experienced field archaeologists at the University of Pittsburgh, surveyed all the old “fort” locations and determined then that earthen remains existed only for Fort Child, then under a radio tower.
Other so-called remains are the result of construction/housing projects in the late 19th and 20th centuries. Bill later wrote an unpublished master's thesis on the fortifications.
The writer is a professor of world geography at Community College of Allegheny County's Allegheny campus.
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