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Amnesty? Pathway? Immigration bill will to test both parties

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Key provisions

Among the many provisions of the immigration legislation being introduced this week, the bill would:

• Appropriate billions of dollars to meet an ambitious goal to monitor the full breadth of the border with Mexico and stop 90 percent of illegal crossings.

• Offer money to operate drones over the most heavily trafficked sections, hire thousands more Border Patrol agents and continue to build and reinforce border fences — in some places three layers deep.

• Authorize National Guard deployment along the southern border.

• Give more money to local law enforcement agencies along the border.

• Establish a special green card program for agricultural workers.

• Create a new visa for foreign entrepreneurs.

• Welcome more workers with advanced degrees and scientific backgrounds.

• Set up a merit-based points system for yet other immigrants.

• Impose restrictions on new family visas, including restricting the green-card category for married sons and daughters of U.S. citizens to only those younger than 31.

• Eventually end visa availability for siblings.

• Eliminate the diversity visa program, though those selected for the 2013 and 2014 lotteries would still be offered visas.

Daily Photo Galleries

'American Coyotes' Series

Traveling by Jeep, boat and foot, Tribune-Review investigative reporter Carl Prine and photojournalist Justin Merriman covered nearly 2,000 miles over two months along the border with Mexico to report on coyotes — the human traffickers who bring illegal immigrants into the United States. Most are Americans working for money and/or drugs. This series reports how their operations have a major impact on life for residents and the environment along the border — and beyond.

By McClatchy Newspapers
Tuesday, April 16, 2013, 9:57 p.m.
 

WASHINGTON — The introduction of the most far-reaching immigration overhaul in decades marks only the first chapter in a long battle that will test emotions and political wits.

Supporters of a comprehensive overhaul on each side of the immigration debate have spent the past several months pressing a small bipartisan group of senators to introduce legislation, but those same activists must wrestle with the reality of what they must relinquish to accomplish their ultimate goals — whether those are a path to citizenship, securing the border or improving a political party's future electoral prospects.

For Latino advocates and civil liberties activists, that means swallowing the idea of a southern border armed with airborne drones and a gun-toting military. It means accepting that family reunification might no longer be the heart of the nation's immigration system.

For conservatives who hold dear the rule of law, that means allowing 11 million people who either came here illegally or who illegally overstayed their visas a chance to remain in the country and eventually become citizens.

“This has something for everybody to hate,” said Sen. Jeff Flake, R-Ariz.

Flake is part of the “Gang of Eight” senators who were expected to introduce legislation late Tuesday that would put most of the 11 million people here illegally on a path to citizenship, but not until the borders are deemed secure.

Two other members, Sens. Charles Schumer, D-N.Y., and John McCain, R-Ariz., visited the White House at President Obama's request to review the proposal.

After the meeting, Obama said the proposal was consistent with his own principles on immigration and urged the Senate to move the bill forward. “This bill is clearly a compromise, and no one will get everything they wanted, including me,” Obama said in a statement.

The bill is scheduled to receive its first hearing before the Senate Judiciary Committee on Friday; a second hearing is expected on Monday.

The controversial bill would give thousands of deported individuals a chance to return. It would require mandatory use of worker verification systems to ensure those hired are in the country legally. And it would appropriate billions of dollars to hire thousands more Border Patrol agents and would authorize National Guard deployment along the southern border in an attempt to prevent 90 percent of illegal crossings.

The calls to address the nation's broken immigration system are greater than they have been in years, with some of the most powerful interest groups — including business, labor, agriculture and religion — supporting a comprehensive overhaul.

The agreement remains fragile, as immigration remains an emotional and politically divisive issue in many parts of the country. But Sen. Lindsey Graham, R-S.C., said the current environment is better than it's ever been for potential passage.

“If we fail this time, I don't know when anybody would take this up,” Graham said. “I said last time this was the last best chance in a decade. This may be the last chance forever.”

The bipartisan proposal represents a major breakthrough toward figuring out a solution, according to Clarissa Martinez, the director of civic engagement and immigration at the National Council of La Raza. But she said she's not ready “to sign on the dotted line.”

Martinez said there are aspects of the proposal she'd like to change, and she is bracing for aggressive attempts to kill or weaken efforts to legalize the 11 million.

Groups such as the American Civil Liberties Union have criticized the proposal for excluding people who will not be able to afford hefty fines and say it would waste federal dollars on unneeded border security.

Sen. Richard Durbin, D-Ill., said these were the kind of compromises required to reach a deal.

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