NSA vetting firm under investigation
WASHINGTON — The private company responsible for vetting Edward Snowden for a security clearance is under criminal investigation for systemic failure to adequately conduct background checks.
Sen. Claire McCaskill, D-Mo., announced at a Senate hearing on Thursday that USIS, a government contractor headquartered in Falls Church, Va., conducted a background check of Snowden in 2011. The 29-year-old systems administrator's clearance gave him access to classified documents he later leaked to the media, revealing secret surveillance by the National Security Agency.
“We are limited in what we can say about this investigation because it is an ongoing criminal matter, but it is a reminder that background investigations can have real consequences for our national security,” McCaskill said. “Federal agencies, like the Defense Department, rely on these background investigations to make assessments of whether people should be trusted with our nation's most sensitive information. ... It appears that this trust has been broken.”
USIS is the largest commercial provider of background investigations to the federal government. The company said in a statement that USIS has never been informed that it is under criminal investigation, although it did receive a subpoena for records from the inspector general of the Office of Personnel Management in January 2012. “USIS complied with that subpoena and has cooperated fully with the government's civil investigative efforts,” the statement said.
The company declined to comment on whether it had conducted a background check on Snowden.
Inspector General Patrick McFarland confirmed during the hearing of a Senate Homeland Security subcommittee that an investigation has been started and added that “we believe there may be some problems” with Snowden's background check. McFarland declined to comment further, citing the ongoing probe.
About 75 percent of all background investigations on behalf of the federal government are conducted by contractors, and USIS performs 65 percent of those investigations, McCaskill said. The Office of Personnel Management paid the company more than $200 million last year for its work, she said.
McCaskill and other lawmakers at the hearing grilled federal officials about how the government screens employees and contractors who have access to some of the country's most sensitive information.
“How in the world does a contractor — a contractor who had been on the job for three months — get his hands on information detailing a highly classified government program that he subsequently shares with a foreign media outlet?” asked Sen. Jon Tester, D-Mont. “The long answer is one that will ultimately require a great deal of soul-searching by the folks in this room and throughout our government. But the short answer is that, in terms of securing classified information, we don't just have an external problem, we have an internal problem.”
Nearly 5 million people have been granted security clearances by the government, and 1.4 million have top-secret clearances, Tester said.
“Given the increasing amount of classified information produced and maintained by our government, and the increasing number of folks with access to that information, we have a real problem on our hands if we can't get this right,” he said. “And because of the national security implications involved, there is simply no margin for error. None.”
McFarland, the inspector general, said he has been alarmed for years about the lack of oversight of the Office of Personnel Management's Federal Investigative Services program, which uses contractors and federal workers to conduct 90 percent of all background checks for the government. He requested more funding so that his investigators can perform regular audits.
McFarland testified that since 2007, at least 18 investigators have been convicted of fabricating background checks, casting doubt on hundreds of security clearances.
In those cases, the background investigators reported interviews that never occurred, recorded answers to questions that were never asked, and documented records checks that were never conducted, he said.
One contractor faked 1,600 credit checks. As it turned out, her own background investigation had been faked by a background investigator in a separate case.
McCaskill asked McFarland if he believed that his office was catching most of the fraud.
“I believe there may be considerably more,” he said. “We haven't caught them all.”
Show commenting policy
TribLive commenting policy
You are solely responsible for your comments and by using TribLive.com you agree to our Terms of Service.
We moderate comments. Our goal is to provide substantive commentary for a general readership. By screening submissions, we provide a space where readers can share intelligent and informed commentary that enhances the quality of our news and information.
While most comments will be posted if they are on-topic and not abusive, moderating decisions are subjective. We will make them as carefully and consistently as we can. Because of the volume of reader comments, we cannot review individual moderation decisions with readers.
We value thoughtful comments representing a range of views that make their point quickly and politely. We make an effort to protect discussions from repeated comments either by the same reader or different readers.
We follow the same standards for taste as the daily newspaper. A few things we won't tolerate: personal attacks, obscenity, vulgarity, profanity (including expletives and letters followed by dashes), commercial promotion, impersonations, incoherence, proselytizing and SHOUTING. Don't include URLs to Web sites.
We do not edit comments. They are either approved or deleted. We reserve the right to edit a comment that is quoted or excerpted in an article. In this case, we may fix spelling and punctuation.
We welcome strong opinions and criticism of our work, but we don't want comments to become bogged down with discussions of our policies and we will moderate accordingly.
We appreciate it when readers and people quoted in articles or blog posts point out errors of fact or emphasis and will investigate all assertions. But these suggestions should be sent via e-mail. To avoid distracting other readers, we won't publish comments that suggest a correction. Instead, corrections will be made in a blog post or in an article.
- Anti-Clinton crowd looks left to Sanders
- Obama’s planned trip to Ethiopia riles some emigres
- Illegal immigrants stay in shift of policies
- Volunteers key in marine rescues
- Pentagon leery of Russia’s ‘hybrid warfare’
- After year of Washington legal pot sales, taxes top $70M
- Some Texans fear military training mission has ulterior motives at Obama’s direction
- 66 riders safely evacuated as 400-foot Ferris wheel stops in Florida
- Arizona prison says 700 inmates again ‘refusing to comply’
- Believers at S.C. church acknowledge pain, anger challenge their tenets
- After years in obscurity, Medal of Honor recipient to be reburied with military honors