China, India to drive global energy consumption, report says
By The Los Angeles Times
Published: Saturday, July 27, 2013, 6:12 p.m.
Global energy consumption is expected to rise 56 percent by 2040 with a changing composition of energy sources, and China and India driving the rate increase far more than the rest of the world.
According to a new report by the U.S. Energy Information Administration, fossil fuels are expected to keep making up much of the energy supply, with petroleum and other liquid fuels remaining the largest source worldwide.
Their share of that growing energy consumption is expected to shrink somewhat in coming decades, though, from 34 percent across all fuel sources in 2010 to 28 percent in 2040, researchers said.
Liquid fuel consumption is expected to more than double in China and India over the course of the 30 years.
“Rising prosperity in China and India is a major factor in the outlook for global energy demand,” said Adam Sieminski of the EIA. “These two countries combined account for half the world's total increase in energy use through 2040.”
In China, liquid fuel consumption is expected to rise from 9 million barrels a day to 20 million, and in India, it is to ramp up from 3 million barrels a day to 8 million.
Together, the two nations will surpass consumption in the United States, Canada, Mexico and Chile combined. Analysts project that daily production of liquid fuels will rise by 28.3 million barrels from 2010 to 2040 to accommodate that demand.
Coal is expected to hold its status as the world's second-largest energy source. In 2010, China consumed 47 percent of total world levels; the United States, 14 percent; and India, 9 percent.
The share of those three nations combined will increase 5 percentage points to 75 percent by 2040, according to the study.
Total world coal consumption is expected to rise from 147.4 quadrillion Btu in 2010 to 219.5 quadrillion Btu in 2040 — about 27 percent of the projected total energy consumption. (One Btu, or British thermal unit, is the amount of energy needed to heat 1 pound of water 1 degree Fahrenheit.)
The EIA study also projects renewables and nuclear power will be the two fastest-growing energy sources. Renewables' share of total worldwide energy use is expected to rise from 11 percent in 2010 to 15 percent in 2040, while nuclear will rise 2 percentage points to reach 7 percent in 2040.
Show commenting policy
TribLive commenting policy
You are solely responsible for your comments and by using TribLive.com you agree to our Terms of Service.
We moderate comments. Our goal is to provide substantive commentary for a general readership. By screening submissions, we provide a space where readers can share intelligent and informed commentary that enhances the quality of our news and information.
While most comments will be posted if they are on-topic and not abusive, moderating decisions are subjective. We will make them as carefully and consistently as we can. Because of the volume of reader comments, we cannot review individual moderation decisions with readers.
We value thoughtful comments representing a range of views that make their point quickly and politely. We make an effort to protect discussions from repeated comments either by the same reader or different readers.
We follow the same standards for taste as the daily newspaper. A few things we won't tolerate: personal attacks, obscenity, vulgarity, profanity (including expletives and letters followed by dashes), commercial promotion, impersonations, incoherence, proselytizing and SHOUTING. Don't include URLs to Web sites.
We do not edit comments. They are either approved or deleted. We reserve the right to edit a comment that is quoted or excerpted in an article. In this case, we may fix spelling and punctuation.
We welcome strong opinions and criticism of our work, but we don't want comments to become bogged down with discussions of our policies and we will moderate accordingly.
We appreciate it when readers and people quoted in articles or blog posts point out errors of fact or emphasis and will investigate all assertions. But these suggestions should be sent via e-mail. To avoid distracting other readers, we won't publish comments that suggest a correction. Instead, corrections will be made in a blog post or in an article.
- Spyware in government computers ‘has Russian paw prints all over it’
- California man named as bitcoin creator denies involvement
- Kansas public school funding unconstitutional
- Accuser takes stand during court-martial
- Miranda read to sex assault accuser, 14
- ‘Holy grail of guitars’ for sale in April auction
- Border Patrol ordered to stop shooting at vehicles
- Nuke plant safety improving, watchdog says — with cautions
- Deputy accused of illegal stops
- Sex-crimes prosecutor accused in groping
- El Nino could bring relief to U.S.