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Army gives whistle-blower Manning 35-year sentence

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Behind bars

A look at prison sentences for other media leakers:

• John Kiriakou, a former CIA officer, was sentenced in January to 21⁄2 years for giving interviews to ABC News and others, confirming reports that several al-Qaida detainees had been waterboarded.

• Shamai Leibowitz, a former FBI contract linguist, was sentenced in May 2010 to 20 months in prison for leaking secret documents to a blogger. The New York Times reported that the documents were secret transcripts of conversations caught on FBI wiretaps of the Israeli Embassy in Washington.

• Samuel Morison, a former Navy intelligence analyst, was sentenced in 1985 to two years in prison for giving U.S. spy photos of the first Soviet nuclear-powered aircraft carrier to the British magazine Jane's Defense Weekly. He was pardoned in 2001 by President Bill Clinton.

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By The Baltimore Sun
Wednesday, Aug. 21, 2013, 8:48 p.m.

FORT MEADE, Md. — Bradley Manning, the junior Army analyst convicted of espionage for leaking thousands of classified documents, was sentenced to 35 years in prison on Wednesday, reigniting a debate over how far the government should go to punish those who disclose secret information.

The sentence was far less than the 60-year imprisonment military prosecutors had sought and the 90-year maximum sentence the 20 convictions against him carried. Manning will appeal the ruling and will be eligible for parole once he serves seven years in Fort Leavenworth, Kan., his attorney said.

Prosecutors said the 700,000 war logs and diplomatic cables as well as battlefield video footage the former Marylander released to the anti-secrecy site WikiLeaks jeopardized military operations. They said a stiff sentence would send a message to others thinking about releasing classified information.

Government watchdog groups said the case may have instead sent a more muddled message.

“If anything, I think the government's overreaction, overcharging and selective prosecution of Manning has encouraged other people to blow the whistle,” said Jesselyn Radack with the Government Accountability Project, a nonprofit group that advocates for whistle blowers. “It doesn't seem to be having the chilling effect that the government wants it to.”

Army Col. Denise Lind, who heard the case at Fort Meade without a jury, offered no explanation of the sentence. Speaking for less than two minutes, she reduced Manning's rank to private and said he would be dishonorably discharged. Manning's prison time will be cut by 1,294 days for the time he has served since his arrest in May 2010, she said.

Witnesses in the courtroom said spectators shouted “We'll keep fighting for you, Bradley,” as Manning was whisked from the room by military police.

Defense attorney David Coombs said it was Manning who consoled his legal team after the sentence was delivered.

“Myself and others were in tears because this means a lot to us,” Coombs said. “He looks to me and he says: ‘It's OK. It's all right. I'm going to be OK.' ” The sentence capped a nearly three-month court-martial, but it fit into a broader debate in Washington about government secrecy versus national security that has only grown more intense in recent weeks. That discussion is being driven by another young intelligence worker, Edward Snowden, who revealed domestic spying programs at the National Security Agency.

Coombs described Manning's case as a “watershed moment” for freedom of the press, and he argued that the sentence would send a “chilling” message to potential future leakers. He noted the broader concern watchdog groups have raised for years about the overclassification of government documents.

Advocates for government transparency offered mixed predictions about the impact the court-martial will have on deterring other leaks.

“When a soldier who shared information with the press and public is punished far more harshly than others who tortured prisoners and killed civilians, something is seriously wrong with our justice system,” said Ben Wizner, director of the American Civil Liberty Union's Speech, Privacy and Technology Project.

Military legal experts described an appeals process that would take years and that could, potentially, be heard by the Supreme Court. Manning's first post-court-martial appeal will be for clemency from the Army official who convened the trial.

Manning addressed the court-martial Aug. 14, saying he was “sorry that I hurt the United States.” He did not speak on Wednesday, but Coombs quoted from a statement Manning will send to Obama as part of a request for a pardon.

“The decisions that I made in 2010 were made out of a concern for my country and the world that we live in,” Coombs read. “I only wanted to help people, out of a love for my country and a sense of duty for others.”

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