Survey shows Mexico's lure stronger
WASHINGTON — More than half of Mexican immigrants who moved back home said in a recent survey that they have no intention of returning to the United States, even though many left family here and most had positive experiences.
Those were among the findings of a recent report that said the cycle of Mexican-U.S. immigration has reached the “end of an era.”
“We recognize a new era of return migration where record numbers of Mexicans are returning home and fewer are coming to the United States,” said Aracely Garcia-Granados, executive director of the nonprofit Mexicans and Americans Thinking Together.
Granados spoke at last week's release of a report by MATT and Southern Methodist University, which was based on interviews with 600 people in the Mexican state of Jalisco who had lived in the United States. The interviews were done in mid-2013 with Mexicans who had been out of the country for at least a year before returning.
Just under two-thirds of them said they came to the United States for work. But while 77 percent said they came here illegally, about 89 percent said they returned home voluntarily. Only 11 percent claimed to have been deported.
About 37 percent said they went home for family reasons, and another 29.1 percent said it was because they were homesick. Only 4.3 percent said the fear of being deported drove them to cross back over the border.
However they got back home, 53 percent said they had no plans to return to the United States. This despite the fact that 54 percent said they have family in this country and 88 percent cited a positive experience while living here.
The findings are the latest twist in an immigration cycle in which as many as 12.6 million Mexicans were in the United States before the recession hit in 2007, Granados said.
She said that between 2005 and 2010, close to 1.4 million Mexicans moved back home from the United States.
“The No. 1 reason is the economic recession,” said Daniel E. Martinez, an assistant professor at George Washington University's sociology department. “Some people have also argued it's because of increased border enforcement.”
Show commenting policy
TribLive commenting policy
- Obama avoids calling terrorist attacks ‘Islamice_SSRq
- Day, night 4-digit drawings match
- Mideast-North Africa category considered for 2020 Census
- Teen girl Hernandez killed by Denver police once cited for resisting arrest
- Tickets let players bring home bacon — scent
- Executive order directs standards to reflect climate change projections
- Judge orders nonprofit tax form release in case against IRS
- Alpha to idle two West Virginia coal mines
- Treasure hunter accused of swindling investors captured
- Penn State University eyes changes to sexual misconduct case handling
- Company with W.Va. chemical spill ties cited 8 times