Departing NTSB chair's advice: Put child-safety seats on planes
WASHINGTON — Deborah Hersman, departing chair of the National Transportation Safety Board, said on Monday that “one of her great disappointments” was that child-safety seats aren't required on planes for young children.
During a farewell speech at the National Press Club after 10 years on the board, Hersman recalled the different outcomes for two children aboard United Flight 232, which crashed in 1989 in Sioux City, Iowa. The crash killed 185 people, and 111 survived.
Two sets of parents with small children were told to brace for impact by placing infants on the floor cushioned with blankets.
The plane approached the runway at 240 mph, cartwheeled and caught on fire, and parents were unable to find the children when evacuating. A passenger heard an 11-month-old girl crying and carried her out.
“Those mothers couldn't hold onto their babies,” Hersman said. “Nobody could have.”
She was joined on the dais by Jan Brown, a flight attendant who blocked a parent from going back into the burning plane to look for her 22-month-old son, who died of asphyxiation from the smoke. Brown has lobbied for 25 years to require child-safety seats for children on planes, but the Federal Aviation Administration hasn't adopted that recommendation.
Federal regulations allow parents to hold children as old as 2 in their laps on flights. The NTSB urged the FAA to develop regulations for restraining children during takeoff, landing and turbulence, putting children weighing up to 40 pounds in child-restraint systems approved for their height and weight.
“When I came on the board in 2004, it was almost unbelievable that that was still allowed to go on,” Hersman said of unbelted children on airliners, in contrast to state laws requiring child-safety seats in cars. “They're just as valuable in the airplane as they are in the car.”
She is leaving the NTSB to become head of the National Safety Council, where she hopes to continue advocating on a broad range of safety issues.
The FAA recommends — rather than requires — that a child weighing less than 20 pounds use a rear-facing child restraint system. A forward-facing child-safety seat should be used for children weighing 20 to 40 pounds. The FAA has approved one harness-type device for children weighing 22 to 44 pounds.
When purchasing tickets, parents and caregivers should contact the airline to find out whether discounts are available for children because buying a ticket for a child is the only way to guarantee that a child-safety seat can be used during flight.
Airlines say parents should check before flying to make sure their child restraint is approved.
The International Air Transport Association, which represents airlines worldwide, will hold a workshop in May on cabin safety that will include a panel about governments coordinating standards for which child-safety restraints are permissible on planes.