Afghanistan situation worsening, Army lieutenant general tells Senate panel
WASHINGTON — President Obama's nominee to be the next commander in Afghanistan said Thursday that the security situation in the war-torn country is deteriorating and assured senators that he will do a thorough review of American troop levels needed to stabilize the nation.
Army Lt. Gen. John W. “Mick” Nicholson Jr. told the Senate Armed Services Committee that if he is confirmed by the Senate, he will have a better sense of conditions in Afghanistan within a few months.
Nicholson walked a fine line during his confirmation hearing, as wartime commanders often must do. He supported the Obama administration's exit strategy, which critics have derided as politically driven, while promising the senators that his decisions will be grounded in sound military strategy.
He peppered his answers with phrases such as “right-sized” and “right-sourced” to make sure Afghanistan did not devolve into the same terrorist harbor it was before the 9/11 attacks. The mission in Afghanistan is to conduct counterterrorism missions to train and assist Afghan security forces.
Nicholson would succeed Gen. John F. Campbell, who is expected to retire.
There are about 9,800 troops in Afghanistan. At Campbell's urging, Obama decided in October to abandon his plan to reduce troop levels to near zero by the end of 2016. Instead, he said they would shrink to 5,500 by the end of the year. His advisers could press Obama to maintain the level of 9,800 troops until he leaves office in January 2017.
Asked at a Pentagon news conference whether the Taliban is making a comeback, Defense Secretary Ashton Carter said: “That's happened this past fighting season. We expected that.”
While the Afghans fought well last year, he said, they are “a force in the making” that can be expected to perform better this year as they gain more experience and capability.
Carter said Campbell has not recommended any increase in troop levels to him.
During an exchange with Sen. Lindsey Graham, R-S.C., Nicholson said he would be concerned that the military would not be able to perform counterterrorism operations if the number of American troops fell to a hypothetical 1,000 suggested by Graham.
Nicholson said he supported the decision to retain the 9,800 American troops, and he agreed with Campbell's approach. But the general said at numerous points during the hearing that he would conduct his own assessment.
Although American forces are no longer engaged in direct action missions against the Taliban, Nicholson said he could not envision U.S. troops remaining on the sidelines if the strategic city of Kandahar were at risk. Kandahar, in southern Afghanistan, is the spiritual birthplace of the Taliban.
“We need to prevent Kandahar from falling into the hands of the Taliban,” Nicholson said.
The committee chairman, Sen. John McCain, R-Ariz., opened Nicholson's confirmation hearing with a blistering assessment of Obama's handling of the war in Afghanistan and the president's adherence to a “calendar-based withdrawal.”
“By now, we should have learned from the precipitous withdrawal from Iraq and the disaster that ensued that wars do not end because politicians say so,” McCain said. “Nor will any politician be able to schedule an end to the threat of radical Islamist terrorism emanating from Afghanistan or the region more broadly.”
McCain prefaced a question to Nicholson about the security situation in Afghanistan with his stark appraisal of the conditions there. He cited recent battlefield successes by the Taliban, which he said is being aided with weapons from Iran, and the presence of the Islamic State group in Afghanistan.
“The view of many of us is that the security situation in Afghanistan has been deteriorating rather than improving,” McCain said.
“Sir, I agree with your assessment,” Nicholson said.
“This is Afghanistan. There will always be some level of violence in Afghanistan.”
Nicholson, a 1982 graduate of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point and a career infantry officer, is commander of NATO's Allied Land Command, headquartered at Izmir, Turkey. Among numerous tours of duty in Afghanistan starting in 2006, he served as deputy chief of staff of operations for the international military command and for U.S. forces in 2010. Before that, he spent 14 months as director of the Pentagon's Afghanistan-Pakistan coordination cell.