China works toward ending abusive labor camps
BEIJING — China signaled again on Monday that it may put an end to its “re-education through labor,” a system that police here use to cast people, without trial or recourse, into a system of labor camps infamous for abuse.
A government legal adviser has confirmed that the use of the program “will be tightly restricted, with lawmakers expected to approve its abolition this year,” according to an article published by state media.
If so, the move would be viewed as a step toward reform under the new leader of the Chinese Communist Party, Xi Jinping, whose installment in November was accompanied by rampant speculation about how much change, if any, he was likely to back.
Re-education through labor, established during Mao Zedong-era China in the 1950s, allows police to send Chinese to camps for up to four years. It's been used to crack down on a wide range of behavior, including religious activity, political activism and drug use. Some official reports say there currently are about 60,000 Chinese toiling within the system, while others cite a figure of 160,000 as of 2008; either way, the real numbers could be much higher.
The government-controlled newspaper China Daily paraphrased Chen Jiping, the deputy director of the China Law Society, as saying that an official meeting earlier this month “committed to reducing the use of the controversial punishment this year until the National People's Congress, the top legislature” — expected to meet in March — “can entirely scrap the system.”
After the Jan. 7 conference, there were initial online postings by Chinese media reporting that Meng Jianzhu, the head of the party's central political and legal commission, had said China would stop using the system.
But those items were scrubbed from the Internet, and the state Xinhua news wire ran an item saying only that Beijing would “advance reforms” in the system, an oft-repeated position that's not led to an overhaul.
The story in the China Daily appeared to suggest that the program will in fact be discontinued.
“The article confirms that the government intends to do away with RTL” or re-education through labor, Nicholas Bequelin, a senior Asia researcher for Human Rights Watch, said in an email.