Revamped museum set to reopen in Netherlands
AMSTERDAM — The Rijksmuseum, the National Museum of the Netherlands, is finally set to reopen to the public, with Rembrandt van Rijn's masterpiece “The Night Watch” reclaiming its place of pride.
The giant painting hangs in the same central position it did before an epic, decade-long, $480 million makeover, flanked by works by Johannes Vermeer, Jan Steen and thousands of other Dutch cultural and artistic artifacts.
In a preview on Thursday before the April 13 reopening, Rijksmuseum director Wim Pijbes said the far-reaching improvements will justify the long wait.
“It's totally changed, renewed, improved, radiant — everything is new,” he said.
The Rijksmuseum houses the largest collection of Dutch artwork, with many treasures from the country's 17th-century Golden Age and beyond.
The 19th-century building's red-brick exterior, which resembles a fairy-tale castle, has been restored but left intact. Inside, twin central courtyards that had been gradually filled with extra floors as the museum grew over the years have been reclaimed. The clutter has been stripped away to let natural light flood into the center of the museum.
Despite reopening the courtyard, the museum preserved as much exhibition space as before by reclaiming some areas which had been used for offices.
From hand-painted details on every pillar, to newly laid mosaic floors and stained glass windows, to revitalizing the displays themselves, every part of the museum has been restored or rethought.
Pijbes said that almost never has a national museum undergone such a far-reaching facelift, with every single one of the 8,000 artifacts and pieces of art on display coming to rest in a different spot — with one exception: “The Night Watch” itself.
That enormous canvas — 14.86 x 12.43 feet — portrays a company of Amsterdam volunteer militiamen. It stands at the end of the museum's central gallery, just as it did in the original 1885 design by architect Pierre Cuypers.
The painting's placement reflects Dutch history, a crowning achievement of the Golden Age when the Netherlands was a major naval power and Amsterdam was one of the world's most influential and wealthy cities.
“The Gallery of Honor is a kind of basilica that ends not with a Christian display, but a civilian display: Rembrandt's ‘Night Watch,'” Pijbes said.
The symbolism is that “that there is no one king that has the power, that the Netherlands is a country where an early republic decided a group of people would have power in their hands.”
The main gallery is a who's who of Dutch masters, from landscape masters to portraitists. Highlights include Vermeer's delicate, quiet “Milkmaid” (1660), in which the act of pouring milk becomes an almost religious act; as well as larger and more raucous works like Steen's “ The Merry Family” (1668) and Frans Hals's “The Merry Drinker” (1628).
And of course it includes paintings and sketches by Rembrandt, including several self-portraits and masterpieces such as one of his most-loved works, “The Jewish Bride” (1669), which shows a tender couple lightly touching.
The museum's head of collections Taco Dibbits said the 17th-century works will always set the museum apart from other national exhibitions.
“This little country became an enormous sea power, East and West, very rich,” he said. “The old masters such as Rembrandt, Vermeer, Frans Hals, Jan Steen — they painted the world of the people, not Christ on the cross, they painted the people who made the country.”
Outside the main gallery, the rest of the exhibits are dispersed along about a mile walk through the galleries.
The twin arms of the castle-like structure continue to divide the museum into wings, but with floors now organized chronologically by era.
Dibbits said the displays have been crafted to integrate artwork with artifacts that tell the story of the country's history and culture at the same time.
Before the renovation “there was one room for paintings, a room for glass, a room for silver, and so on, while in the new museum, you take a walk through the period,” he said.
“The intention is ... to create a feeling for beauty of Dutch art and a feeling for the time,” he said.
For instance, he said, you might a portrait painted by Rembrandt hanging above an ornate chest made by one of his friends, and silverware crafted by another of his friends on top of the chest.
“It's the relations between different art objects that tell the story of the Netherlands,” he said.
The displays were arranged by French designer Jean-Michel Wilmotte, who also helped design the interior of the Louvre in Paris.
As a final, somewhat eccentric touch to remind the world Amsterdam is still a living city with its own cultural demands: a bike path runs straight under the center of the building's central arch, offering cyclists a view of the building's beautiful new courtyards.
The museum expects to attract as many as two million visitors annually after the renovations, from 1.3 million in the last year before it closed in 2003.
Tickets will cost $19.
Among totally new displays are an Asian art pavilion; access to the museum's ornate library; and a new wing devoted to the 20th century, with works by Piet Mondriaan and graphic artist and furniture designer Gerrit Rietveld, among others.
“That's history now too, and we collect the past,” Dibbits said, grinning.
Show commenting policy
TribLive commenting policy
You are solely responsible for your comments and by using TribLive.com you agree to our Terms of Service.
We moderate comments. Our goal is to provide substantive commentary for a general readership. By screening submissions, we provide a space where readers can share intelligent and informed commentary that enhances the quality of our news and information.
While most comments will be posted if they are on-topic and not abusive, moderating decisions are subjective. We will make them as carefully and consistently as we can. Because of the volume of reader comments, we cannot review individual moderation decisions with readers.
We value thoughtful comments representing a range of views that make their point quickly and politely. We make an effort to protect discussions from repeated comments either by the same reader or different readers.
We follow the same standards for taste as the daily newspaper. A few things we won't tolerate: personal attacks, obscenity, vulgarity, profanity (including expletives and letters followed by dashes), commercial promotion, impersonations, incoherence, proselytizing and SHOUTING. Don't include URLs to Web sites.
We do not edit comments. They are either approved or deleted. We reserve the right to edit a comment that is quoted or excerpted in an article. In this case, we may fix spelling and punctuation.
We welcome strong opinions and criticism of our work, but we don't want comments to become bogged down with discussions of our policies and we will moderate accordingly.
We appreciate it when readers and people quoted in articles or blog posts point out errors of fact or emphasis and will investigate all assertions. But these suggestions should be sent via e-mail. To avoid distracting other readers, we won't publish comments that suggest a correction. Instead, corrections will be made in a blog post or in an article.
- Antarctica yields life in extremest of conditions, so what about on another planet?
- German pilot visited glider field near crash site as a child
- Copilot’s friends doubt Germanwings crash intentional
- Airstrikes intensify in Yemen as Egypt, Saudis consider ground forces
- Saudi-led attacks seen as escalating violence in Yemen
- Alone at controls, Germanwings co-pilot sought to ‘destroy’ the plane
- Conviction overturned in Italy murder case for Seattle woman
- Trial reveals path of French girl, 14, to ISIS via recruiter
- Iran poses top threat to Mideast stability, Israeli consul general says
- Jordan to pay Russia $10B to build kingdom’s 1st nuclear plant
- Proposed deal would allow Iran to run centrifuges, prohibit building bomb