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Iraqi militant group attracts Sunni support

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Attacks kill anti-al-Qaida, security forces

BAGHDAD — On Saturday, at least five anti-al-Qaida Sunni militiamen and three security forces personnel were killed.

Police said that in the first attack gunmen opened fire on a checkpoint near the city of Tikrit manned by members of the local Awakening Council.

Awakening Councils, which were set up by Iraq's Sunnis to combat insurgents linked to al-Qaida, have been seen as a key factor in reducing violence across the country since 2006.

In a second attack, three army intelligence personnel were stopped by gunmen while traveling in a civilian vehicle near an anti-government protest camp in the city of Ramadi, police said.

A gunfight soon erupted, in which the soldiers were killed.

In a televised speech after the latest violence, Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki said sectarian conflict had returned to Iraq “because it began in another place in this region” — an apparent reference to Syria.

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Traveling by Jeep, boat and foot, Tribune-Review investigative reporter Carl Prine and photojournalist Justin Merriman covered nearly 2,000 miles over two months along the border with Mexico to report on coyotes — the human traffickers who bring illegal immigrants into the United States. Most are Americans working for money and/or drugs. This series reports how their operations have a major impact on life for residents and the environment along the border — and beyond.

By The Associated Press
Saturday, April 27, 2013, 6:42 p.m.

BAGHDAD — As clashes last week raise fears of a destabilizing eruption of sectarian fighting in Iraq, a shadowy militant group linked to the top fugitive from Saddam Hussein's regime could stand to gain by attracting new Sunni Muslim support.

The Army of the Men of the Naqshabandi Order depicts itself as a nationalist force defending Iraq's Sunni minority from Shiite rule and as an alternative to the extremist version of Islam championed by al-Qaida, whose branch in Baghdad alienated many in the community during the height of the country's sectarian bloodshed in the middle of the last decade.

The Naqshabandi Army boasted online that it contributed to the wave of violence that followed a government crackdown on Tuesday on a Sunni protest site in the town of Hawija.

The deadly clash there prompted assaults by Sunni gunmen in a string of towns and cities, mainly in the north. The violence has claimed more than 170 lives.

In a posting on its website, the group urged its fighters to prepare to storm Baghdad to confront “with an iron fist ... the enemies of Arabism and Islam” — a reference to the Shiite-led government that many Sunnis believe is too closely allied with neighboring Shiite powerhouse Iran. Although it says foreign diplomats are not its target, it warned that those who ally themselves with the government can expect no mercy.

It's not just propaganda, say officials and analysts.

“The intelligence we have clearly indicates — beyond any doubt — that the Naqshabandi Army is involved in the recent clashes” in the north of the country, said Shiite lawmaker Hakim al-Zamili, who's on parliament's security and defense committee.

Al-Zamili told The Associated Press that the group is thought to have a cache of small- and medium-sized arms, and it is continuing to carry out attacks against army positions.

“They are intensifying efforts to recruit more people and gather more weapons,” he said.

The group, believed to be made up largely of former officers and other former members of Saddam's regime, occasionally claims responsibility for attacks on government security forces.

Estimates of its size range from 1,000 to five times that.

It takes its name from the Naqshabandi order of Sufism, Islam's mystical movement, which counts many followers in northern Iraq.

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