Egypt to move against sit-ins
By The Washington Post
Published: Sunday, Aug. 11, 2013, 8:24 p.m.
CAIRO — Past the bouncy castle and the inflatable kiddie pool, past the potted plants, cashew vendors and signs welcoming visitors to come in peace to the protest rally and sit-in by supporters of Egypt's ousted president, security teams led by the Muslim Brotherhood were busy early on Monday filling sandbags and erecting brick walls reinforced with rebar.
They were fortifying themselves for what the backers of toppled President Mohamed Morsy say could be a bloody siege of two enormous encampments in Cairo — filled with women and children.
Egyptian security officials warned media on Sunday that time was running out for the tens of thousands of pro-Morsy demonstrators who have been camped out around Cairo University and Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque for more than a month.
Two weeks ago, the cabinet of the military-backed interim government signaled it had given the go-ahead to Interior Ministry forces to use “all necessary measures” to break up the two sprawling sit-in sites.
More than 130 of Morsy's supporters were killed in two deadly incidents when they confronted security forces. Many were shot by military snipers or plainclothes police.
With the Ramadan month of fasting behind them, and celebration of Eid over, men gathered around TV screens in the mosque encampment on Sunday night and listened to reports on al-Jazeera stating that security forces would begin to cordon off the sit-in on Monday morning, issue ultimatums to clear the area and then stop the flow of food and water.
There has been, however, no official statement by the government that police will shut down the protest.
But inside the encampments, Morsy supporters believed it was imminent.
Organizers at the sit-in declared their own “state of emergency” on Saturday, issuing a call for doctors and nurses to come to the site to help with casualties.
“We are ready for whatever comes,” said Mohammed Ads, a medical resident who manned a makeshift emergency clinic filled with donated drugs and medical supplies.
As the young doctor spoke, a woman lay sprawled on a mattress behind him, attached to an intravenous bag.
“What do we have to fear?” the doctor said. One of his paramedics interrupted to say, “We will either die or not die, so there is nothing to be afraid of. Our friends have died, and so we can die, too.”
The protesters said that they expected to face water cannons, tear gas and then bullets.
The military and police have twice fired into crowds of pro-Morsy demonstrators, saying they were provoked by armed protesters who hurled molotov cocktails, rocks and bottles at them.
Inside the encampment, vendors sold gas masks, and in many crude wood and tarp shanties, residents kept bottles of vinegar for stinging eyes.
“Since the people have heard the military is coming soon to disperse us, more and more have come,” said Ibrahim Hussein, 28, who teaches computer classes.
“We are protesting for God, and so God will protect us,” he said. Hussein wore an orange vest, a helmet and carried a wooden baton, because he was on security detail. Behind him were rows of sandbags piled chest high.
“Our morale is very high,” said Ibrahim El-Hawari, 49, a retired military officer. “We will not run.”
The men spoke easily of offering themselves up to martyrdom.
Nearby was a tent operated by Youth Against the Coup, lit with the glare of fluorescent bulbs. Its walls were covered with photographs, macabre head shots of the distorted faces of dead men and boys who were shot, they said, by the Egyptian security forces during the past month.
Many Egyptians say they are tired of the pro-Morsy encampments. Liberal and leftist political activists, who rallied the people to oust Morsy with the help of the military, have called for the camps to be shut down.
The nation's top military commander, Gen. Abdel-Fatah al-Sisi said that a mass rally he called for two weeks ago to demonstrate support for Egyptian security forces shows that the people support a tough stance against pro-Morsy protesters.
On Monday, though, mothers with strollers were winding their way through the sit-in outside the mosque, and some children with toy guns were running around, pretending to shoot each other.
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