Syria claims win in weapons deal
A high-ranking Syrian official called the U.S.-Russian agreement on securing Syria's chemical weapons a “victory” for President Bashar Assad's regime, but the United States warned on Sunday “the threat of force is real” if Damascus fails to carry out the plan.
The comments by Syrian Minister of National Reconciliation Ali Haidar to a Russian state news agency were the first by a senior Syrian government official on the deal struck a day earlier in Geneva. Under the agreement, Syria will provide an inventory of its chemical arsenal within one week and hand over all of the components of its program by mid-2014.
“We welcome these agreements,” Haidar was quoted as saying by the RIA Novosti agency. “On the one hand, they will help Syrians get out of the crisis, and on the other hand, they averted a war against Syria by removing the pretext for those who wanted to unleash one.”
He added: “These agreements are a credit to Russian diplomacy and the Russian leadership. This is a victory for Syria, achieved thanks to our Russian friends.”
There has been no official statement from the Syrian government.
The deal averts American missile strikes against the Assad regime, although the Obama administration has warned that the military option remains on the table if Damascus does not comply.
“The threat of force is real, and the Assad regime and all those taking part need to understand that President Obama and the United States are committed to achieve this goal,” Secretary of State John Kerry said on Sunday in Jerusalem, where he briefed Israeli leaders on the agreement.
He also said the agreement, if successful, “will have set a marker for the standard of behavior with respect to Iran and with respect North Korea and any rogue state, (or) group that tries to reach for these kind of weapons.”
French President Francois Hollande said in a televised address to his country that he has not ruled out the “military option,” either.
The United States accuses the Assad government of using poison gas against rebel-held suburbs of Damascus on Aug. 21, killing more than 1,400 people. Other death toll estimates are far lower. Syria denies the allegations and blames the rebels.
The suspected chemical attack raised the prospect of U.S.-led military action against Syria that the rebels hoped would tip the civil war in their favor. But as the strikes appeared imminent, the Parliament of key U.S. ally Britain voted against military action and Obama decided to ask Congress for authorization first, delaying an armed response.
Russia then floated the idea of Syria's relinquishing its chemical arsenal to avert Western strikes, and the Assad regime quickly agreed. On Saturday, Moscow and Washington struck a framework agreement to secure and destroy Syria's chemical stockpile.
For Syria's opposition, the deal is disappointing. It defers any U.S. action and does nothing to address the broader civil war, which has left more than 100,000 dead.
With that in mind, the main Western-backed Syrian opposition group called Sunday for a ban on the use of ballistic missiles and air power by Assad's forces in addition to the prohibition on chemical weapons.
While a ban on air power and ballistic missiles would likely curb some of the bloodshed, it's unclear how such a measure would be imposed. The Syrian government is highly unlikely to unilaterally relinquish such weapons, while Western powers have shown little appetite for setting up a no-fly zone .
Obama, speaking in a TV interview taped before Saturday's announcement of the deal, said Russian President Vladimir Putin is “protecting” Assad and doesn't share American “values” in Syria.
The U.S.-Russian agreement has won broad backing around the world, including from China, which is a permanent member of the U.N. Security Council. France also welcomed the deal, but French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius cautioned during a visit Sunday in Beijing that it was only the “first stage.”
In Cairo, the Arab League supported the agreement.
The deal was greeted with cautious optimism in Israel, where leaders expressed satisfaction that Syria, a bitter enemy, could be stripped of dangerous weapons but also pessimism about whether Assad will comply.
The United Nations said its chief chemical weapons inspector had turned over his team's report on its investigation into the suspected gas attack to Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.
U.N. spokesman Martin Nesirky said the secretary-general will brief a closed session of the Security Council on its contents on Monday morning.