U.S. skeptical of Syria chemical arms declaration
UNITED NATIONS — The United States is reviewing with skepticism the Syrian government's chemical arms declaration, the U.S. envoy to the United Nations said on Tuesday as another official cautioned that intelligence suggested Syria may try to hide some weapons.
Under a Russian-U.S. proposal, Syria agreed in September to destroy its chemical weapons program by mid-2014, averting a threat of missile strikes by Washington following an Aug. 21 sarin gas attack in Damascus that killed hundreds of people.
Syria's submitted the lengthy declaration of its chemical weapons program on Oct. 27 and must agree to a plan with the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons by mid-November that explains in detail how and where to destroy the poisons, including mustard gas, sarin and possibly VX nerve agent.
“We are still reviewing that document. We obviously bring skepticism born of years of dealing with this regime, years of obfuscation in other contexts, and of course a lot of broken promises in the context of this current war,” U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Samantha Power said.
She noted that Syrian President Bashar Assad's government had so far cooperated with the joint OPCW/U.N. mission, which has inspected 21 out of 23 chemical weapons sites in Syria. The remaining two sites were too dangerous to reach for inspection.
Syria declared 30 production, filling and storage facilities, eight mobile filling units and three chemical weapons-related facilities. They contained about 1,000 tons of chemical weapons, mostly in the form of raw precursors, 290 tons of loaded munitions and 1,230 unfilled munitions.
“You will certainly hear from us in the event that we detect non-compliance or we detect significant discrepancies in their declaration,” Power told reporters after the U.N. Security Council was briefed on the joint OPCW/U.N. mission to destroy Syria's chemical weapons program.
A second U.S. official, speaking separately to Reuters on condition of anonymity, said intelligence provided “indications the Syrians may be intending to hold some of their stockpile in reserve.”
“This development is not surprising. ... At this point, it's not derailing the diplomatic process,” the official said.
The CIA and the Pentagon declined to comment.
More than 100,000 people have been killed and about 2.2 million people have fled during Syria's 2 1⁄2-year civil war. The United Nations says about 9.3 million people or nearly 40 percent of the population need help within the country.