U.S., Taliban in talks over Gitmo prisoner swap
ISLAMABAD — Washington has held indirect talks with the Taliban over the possible transfers of five senior Taliban prisoners from Guantanamo Bay in exchange for a U.S. soldier captured nearly five years ago, a senior Taliban official told The Associated Press.
Sgt. Bowe Bergdahl, 27, of Hailey, Idaho, was last seen in a video released in December, footage seen as “proof of life” demanded by the United States. Bergdahl is believed to be held in the border regions between Afghanistan and Pakistan. He is the only U.S. soldier to be captured in America's longest war, which began with the U.S.-led ouster of the Taliban regime in Afghanistan for sheltering al-Qaida in 2001, perpetrators of the Sept. 11 terror attacks.
The talks, which the Taliban official said took place sometime over the past two months in a Middle East country, would be the first significant movement toward an exchange since it was last discussed by the United States and the Taliban in June 2013.
That earlier initiative, along with the overall peace efforts, lost steam after Afghan President Hamid Karzai argued over the name of a Taliban political office that opened in the gulf nation of Qatar. The office was eventually closed, but several Taliban have remained behind in Qatar.
A U.S. official said the Americans are considering a prisoner exchange but would not comment on whether any new talks have taken place. The official, who has been closely involved with this issue and has knowledge of previous talks with the Taliban, declined to give more details.
State Department deputy spokeswoman Marie Harf would not confirm the efforts.
“We are not currently involved in active negotiations with the Taliban,” Harf said on Wednesday. “Clearly if negotiations do resume at some point with the Taliban, then we would want to talk with them about the safe return of Sgt. Bergdahl.”
In Kabul, a senior Afghan official said the United States has recently been in touch with Karzai's government over a possible exchange involving Berdahl, who was captured on June 30, 2009.
Time might be ripe for a swap.
Karzai has refused to sign a bilateral security agreement that would allow the United States to leave a residual force in Afghanistan after the NATO-led combat mission formally ends at the end of this year. He says he must first see movement on reconciliation with the Taliban. He maintains that Washington has connections with the Taliban that can help with this process.
There are potential roadblocks.
The five Taliban detainees are not among those Guantanamo Bay prisoners who have been approved for transfer once their home countries provide security guarantees. The Obama administration, which wants to close the facility, has argued that many approved transfers effectively have been blocked by rigid restrictions imposed by Congress. Recently, Congress eased the restrictions, including the toughest one, requiring the secretary of Defense to “personally certify that there would be no recidivism for any detainee he certified,” according to Pentagon spokesman, Army Lt. Col. Todd Breasseale.
The transfer process, once it has begun, would take about two months, a senior U.S. official said, also speaking on condition of anonymity. Both U.S. officials and the Afghan official spoke on condition of anonymity.