Textbooks rewrite history in Venezuela, critics assert
CARACAS — Venezuela's government has published dozens of textbooks that glorify late president Hugo Chavez and belittle his adversaries, infuriating opposition critics who call them part of a campaign to indoctrinate children.
Introduced in mid-2011, the textbooks have become a hot-button issue again amid a broad state-run review of the education system that some fear could boost the ruling Socialist Party's imprint on classrooms.
“The government has made great efforts to redefine historic events with an ideological bent, and these books represent that intention,” said Juan Maragall, education secretary in the opposition-run state of Miranda.
The books describe Chavez as the man who liberated Venezuela from tyranny, at times making him appear more important than 19th century founding father Simon Bolivar. Bolivar was the inspiration for Chavez's self-styled socialist revolution.
The books present a 2002 coup that briefly toppled Chavez as an insurrection planned by Washington while playing down the role of opposition protests in this deeply divided country.
State officials argue the textbooks foment out-of-the-box thinking and critical questioning of the U.S.-led capitalist world order. They insist the bigger issue is the increase in the number of children in school while Chavez was in office.
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