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5 things to know as William and Kate await 3rd child

| Monday, April 23, 2018, 7:57 a.m.
Royal fans John Loughrey, right, and Terry Hutt pose for a photo opposite the Lindo wing at St Mary's Hospital in London London, Monday, April 23, 2018. Kensington Palace says Prince William's wife, the Duchess of Cambridge has entered a London hospital to give birth to the couple's third child.
Kirsty Wigglesworth/AP
Royal fans John Loughrey, right, and Terry Hutt pose for a photo opposite the Lindo wing at St Mary's Hospital in London London, Monday, April 23, 2018. Kensington Palace says Prince William's wife, the Duchess of Cambridge has entered a London hospital to give birth to the couple's third child.
A plane flies overhead trailing a banner with the odds on the gender of the Royal baby above the Lindo wing at St Mary's Hospital in London London, Monday, April 23, 2018. Kensington Palace says Prince William's wife, the Duchess of Cambridge has entered a London hospital to give birth to the couple's third child. (AP Photo/Frank Augstein)
A plane flies overhead trailing a banner with the odds on the gender of the Royal baby above the Lindo wing at St Mary's Hospital in London London, Monday, April 23, 2018. Kensington Palace says Prince William's wife, the Duchess of Cambridge has entered a London hospital to give birth to the couple's third child. (AP Photo/Frank Augstein)

LONDON — Like everything to do with Britain's royal family, the birth of Prince William and Kate's third child is governed by a mix of tradition and modernity. Here are five things to know about Britain's royal births:

FROM PALACE TO HOSPITAL

For generations it was the custom among royals — as among commoners — to give birth at home. Queen Elizabeth II was born at her grandfather's London house, and gave birth to her sons Charles, Andrew and Edward at Buckingham Palace. Her only daughter, Princess Anne, was born at Clarence House, another royal residence.

That changed by the 1980s, when Princess Diana had sons William and Harry at the private Lindo Wing of St. Mary's Hospital in London. William and Kate's children, George and Charlotte, were born at the same hospital in 2013 and 2015, and Kate was admitted Monday in labor with their third.

DELIVERY-ROOM INTERLOPERS

For decades, and for reasons that remain unclear, custom dictated that government officials should be present when a royal was born. Some believe it was to verify that there was no switching at birth or other shenanigans. When the queen was born in 1926, Britain's home secretary was present among the doctors. The custom was eliminated before the birth of the queen's first child, Prince Charles, in 1948.

Until recently, it was not usual for fathers to attend births. However, Prince Charles was present when sons William and Harry were born, and William was at his wife's side for the birth of their first two children. He accompanied Kate to the hospital again on Monday.

A FORMAL ANNOUNCEMENT

Once Kate has given birth, a messenger will travel by car from the hospital to Buckingham Palace, carrying a piece of paper signed by doctors detailing the infant's gender, weight and time of birth. The bulletin will be posted on a wooden easel on the palace's forecourt for everyone to see.

The royal family has moved with the times, though: The news will also be announced in an emailed press release and a statement on the palace Twitter account.

MULTIPLE NAMES

Most royals have three to four first names, usually in a combination that honors previous monarchs or relatives. William and Kate's eldest child is named George Alexander Louis and his sister Charlotte Elizabeth Diana — honoring both her great-grandmother Queen Elizabeth II and her late grandmother, Princess Diana.

Alice and Mary are among the bookmakers' favorites if the new royal baby is a girl, while Arthur and Albert are among the potential names for a boy.

When William was born, it took a full week before his name was announced, but the names of George and Charlotte were announced within two days of their births.

The baby's title will be Her Royal Highness Princess (Name) of Cambridge or His Royal Highness Prince (Name) of Cambridge.

LINE OF SUCCESSION

Until recently, the rules of succession favored male heirs, so a younger brother would jump ahead of an elder sister in the line for the throne. But the rules were changed before Prince George was born to give royal daughters the same rights as sons.

That means Princess Charlotte will remain fourth in line to the throne, and the new baby will be fifth, whether it is a girl or a boy. William's younger brother, Prince Harry, will drop down to sixth place.

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