Fate of Brexit is up in the air as Boris Johnson delivers surprises
LONDON — Boris Johnson’s summer is over. The week that could determine how long he remains prime minister — and how or whether Britain leaves the European Union — is about to begin.
The rules of the U.K.’s unwritten constitution are being stretched to the limit, with new precedents being set and cries of foul play arising nearly every day. Johnson’s goal is to stay in power by uniting hard-line Brexit supporters while opponents remain divided.
It remains to be seen whether he’s overplayed his hand.
Throughout August, different factions among the members of Parliament who want to stop Britain crashing out of the EU without a deal have proposed and rejected various plans to stop Johnson from pursuing such a course.
Now they seem to have agreed, with senior figures from Johnson’s Conservative Party and the opposition Labour Party saying they’re ready to move decisively when Parliament returns on Tuesday.
In other words Boris Johnson wins 80-plus majority if he goes all-in for a no deal Brexit (killing off the Brexit Party) at the next general election… pic.twitter.com/L4TbFb9XwM
— Christopher Hope📝 (@christopherhope) September 1, 2019
Last week, Johnson tried to sabotage opponents by asking the queen to suspend Parliament for a month from Sept. 12 (she agreed). While that reduces the amount of time that MPs have to act — Britain is set to quit on Oct. 31 — it’s made wavering politicians realize that they have one shot.
Johnson was due to meet potential Tory rebels on Monday, to convince them that his plan isn’t to actually pursue a no-deal Brexit, but simply to bluff EU leaders into believing that one is possible. But the talks were called off.
This week could end with Johnson triumphant, the man with whom the EU is forced to negotiate if it wants to avoid no-deal.
Or it could end with yet another Conservative prime minister humiliated at the hands of his own party, this time with pro-European Tories the ones to take revenge. Or Britain could be on course for yet another election.
The choice that Johnson tried to frame in an interview with the Sunday Times was less about a deal than about opposition Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn.
“The fundamental choice is this: are you going to side with Jeremy Corbyn and those who want to cancel the referendum?” he said. “Are you going to side with those who want to scrub the democratic verdict of the people, and plunge this country into chaos?”
— BBC Politics (@BBCPolitics) September 1, 2019
Thousands of people on Saturday joined protests across the U.K. against the decision to suspend Parliament. The demonstrators used the slogan “Stop the Coup” to protest the limiting of debate.
Several potential rebel Conservative MPs responded angrily over the weekend to reports that they might be expelled from their party if they vote against the government. Former Chancellor of the Exchequer Philip Hammond pointed out that several members of Johnson’s Cabinet, including Johnson himself, had voted against the government on European issues earlier this year.
Former Justice Secretary David Gauke told Sky News on Sunday that sometimes “you have to judge between your own personal interests and the national interest. And the national interest has to come first.”
The rebels haven’t set out their exact plan, and even if a bill is passed, it’s possible Johnson could try to get round it. Michael Gove, minister in charge of no-deal planning, repeatedly refused to say whether the government would obey such a law.
“Let’s see what the legislation says,” he told the BBC on Sunday.
— Reuters Top News (@Reuters) September 1, 2019
Earlier in the summer, Labour proposed installing Corbyn as a caretaker leader with a mandate to call an election. That idea was rejected by Conservatives, and though a confidence vote remains a possibility, Gauke said he regarded Corbyn as too much of a risk to be prime minister.
But some in Labour fear Johnson may try to get Corbyn out of the way by giving him something he wants: a swift election.
Johnson would need the opposition party’s support to call one, but if he had it, he could offer a date before Britain is due to leave. The prime minister has in recent days unveiled billions of pounds of new spending on education, social care and transportation, adding to speculation that he’s preparing for the polls.
Former Prime Minister Tony Blair will on Monday urge Corbyn to rule an election out. “It is counterintuitive for opposition parties to refuse an election,” he’ll say in a speech in London. “But in this exceptional case, it is vital they do so as a matter of principle, until Brexit is resolved.”
Two weeks ago, Johnson visited Berlin and Paris to make his case to his counterparts. The EU’s chief negotiator, Michel Barnier, told the Sunday Telegraph newspaper he’s “not optimistic” about avoiding no deal.
When Gove was asked Sunday if there would be food shortages or if food prices would go up, in such a scenario, his response was: “People will have the food they need.”