ShareThis Page
World

Drop in food stamp recipients first under Obama

| Monday, May 28, 2012, 8:20 p.m.

WASHINGTON — Three years after the recession officially ended, most of the nation's safety-net programs finally are serving fewer people, an analysis of government data shows.

The downward trend that started with unemployment insurance in 2010 and welfare benefits in 2011 has reached food stamps, for which there has been a two-month dip — the first time that's happened under President Obama.

Only Medicaid, the federal-state health care program for the poor, remains at its peak, because of the slow recovery, the erosion of employer-sponsored insurance and federal rules that prohibit states from slashing eligibility. Still, even Medicaid has started to level off in some states.

The trend could mean a slight dip in poverty, which rose in 2009-10, though census data for this year won't be available until 2013. The three-year lag between the recession ending and a reduction in government aid, on the other hand, shows how hard the post-recession period has been on low-income families, including people with part-time or low-wage jobs.

"The recession may be over, but who knew it?" said Ron Haskins, an expert on anti-poverty programs at the Brookings Institution and an author of the 1996 welfare overhaul. "Unemployment is still extremely high. So I think there's good reason why these programs are so high."

In most cases, the levels are starting to wane:

• States are phasing out extended jobless benefits that in some cases enabled people to collect for 99 weeks. The number of people receiving benefits in April was the lowest since December 2008.

• Tough welfare rules established when the program was overhauled in 1997, such as sanctions and time limits, made welfare less responsive to this recession than others. Caseloads grew 20 percent from the middle of 2008 to the end of 2010 but have declined 5 percent since then.

• The food stamp program grew by 47 percent over three years, prompting Republican presidential candidate Newt Gingrich to label Obama the "food stamp president." By February, the latest month available, it had dropped slightly.

• Medicaid has yet to decline in key states such as Florida, Texas and New York, but it's beginning to level off. The latest national data, for 2010, showed a slower increase than in 2009; a Centers for Disease Control survey showed an even slower rise through September 2011.

TribLIVE commenting policy

You are solely responsible for your comments and by using TribLive.com you agree to our Terms of Service.

We moderate comments. Our goal is to provide substantive commentary for a general readership. By screening submissions, we provide a space where readers can share intelligent and informed commentary that enhances the quality of our news and information.

While most comments will be posted if they are on-topic and not abusive, moderating decisions are subjective. We will make them as carefully and consistently as we can. Because of the volume of reader comments, we cannot review individual moderation decisions with readers.

We value thoughtful comments representing a range of views that make their point quickly and politely. We make an effort to protect discussions from repeated comments either by the same reader or different readers

We follow the same standards for taste as the daily newspaper. A few things we won't tolerate: personal attacks, obscenity, vulgarity, profanity (including expletives and letters followed by dashes), commercial promotion, impersonations, incoherence, proselytizing and SHOUTING. Don't include URLs to Web sites.

We do not edit comments. They are either approved or deleted. We reserve the right to edit a comment that is quoted or excerpted in an article. In this case, we may fix spelling and punctuation.

We welcome strong opinions and criticism of our work, but we don't want comments to become bogged down with discussions of our policies and we will moderate accordingly.

We appreciate it when readers and people quoted in articles or blog posts point out errors of fact or emphasis and will investigate all assertions. But these suggestions should be sent via e-mail. To avoid distracting other readers, we won't publish comments that suggest a correction. Instead, corrections will be made in a blog post or in an article.

click me