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Who else is 100 this year?

| Monday, Aug. 19, 2002

Most generations today have been born on the timeline where airplanes, televisions and cars are an everyday part of life.

But imagine if you were born in 1902, when horses and buggies traveled on unnamed dirt roads and entertainment consisted of cards or checkers.

These next individuals and organizations were a part of that history and will all, along with the Daily Courier, celebrate their 100th anniversary this year.

Clifford Kinneer of Acme will celebrate his 100th birthday in November of this year, and has lived to witness the miracles of the car, the airplane, tractors, televisions and computers.

In 1902 he was born George Clifford Kinneer in Hammondville and grew up in Acme on his parents' farm on Chearney Road.

"I think it's Chearney Road, but back then there were no names for roads," said his sister, Ora Miller. "They were all dirt roads."

"We moved to Acme in 1910 or 1912," said Kinneer. "I went to Crossroads School and Rice School. Willie Glassburn was one of my teachers. I started school when I was six."

When he was just 14 years of age, his father took him out of eighth grade so that he could work in the mines in West Overton.

"I thought my back would break for a week from shoveling coal," he said. "In 1917, I was working over at the Melcroft mine driving a team."

In 1923, he married his wife, Lillian Brown. "My dad said if I stayed home and did the plowing before I got married he would give me $3 a day, so I did."

After he got married he moved to a farm of his own that was located near the old Keslar School.

He did miss out on two historic events of the century.

"I was too young to be in the first World War and too old to be in the second World War," said Kinneer. "But, I had two sons that were in the Navy in World War II." He is the patriarch of a family that has more than 100 descendants.

When he was 9 or 10 years old he witnessed his first miracle.

That was when he saw his first automobile.

"They had built a brick road from Pennsville to Iron Bridge and we heard the car coming up the road," said Kinneer. "Me and the other kids that were around crawled up on the fence to watch it. We watched it for as far as we could see it."

Not long after that came the second miracle.

"The first airplane I ever saw went over at night and my dad got us all out of bed at 4 a.m. to watch it," he said. "I just thought it was a miracle that someone could fly."

When he was an adult, he had the chance to take his one and only airplane ride. They were giving rides over the hill from where he lived.

"Someone asked my wife why she didn't go with me and she said, 'if he wants to kill himself just let him go.'"

When Kinneer first started farming he followed behind a horse and plow.

"I thought it was a wonderful thing when tractors were invented," he said. "I also thought it was a wonderful thing when different machinery was invented to make it easier to farm. In 1924, I bought my first car. I paid $407 for a Ford Roadster. We thought it was amazing when TV was invented."

Kinneer admitted that he has never been on or around computers, but he doesn't think new inventions will ever end.

"People are a lot smarter today."

GOODWILL

At the turn of the century, a Methodist minister in Boston's South End pioneered an organization that gave people hope, dignity and independence.

The Rev. Edgar J. Helms' original concept was visionary, for it is just as relevant today as it was 100 years ago. His social innovation set in motion a worldwide movement that would transform more than 5 million lives over the course of a century - all through the power of work.

In 1863, Helms, founding father of Goodwill Industries, was born in Malone, N.Y. In 1889 he enrolls in Boston University Theological School. Helms had tried his hand at law and newspaper publishing, but felt "called to the ministry."

In 1892, Helms and two fellow students requested that the City Missionary Society support them in opening a full-scale settlement house in the North End. Instead, Helms was offered a struggling inner city mission in Boston's South End, Morgan Chapel.

In 1896, Goodwill differs from many charities of the day, emphasizing that donated goods could be sold for profit and that money would be used to pay workers who helped refurbish those goods.

That same year Helms met Fred Moore, a young man on his way to becoming a business executive. Moore volunteered to help Helms' efforts, and began a lifetime of service to Goodwill.

Although the incorporation of what would come to be known as Goodwill is a few years off, the organization's work is well under way. 1902 would become known as the year Goodwill Industries was officially born.

This information was taken from the website www.goodwill100years.org

HISTORY OF 4-H

An American innovation, the 4-H youth development program of the Cooperative Extension originated at the turn of the century because of a vital need to improve life in rural areas.

Introducing improved methods of farming and homemaking, 4-H taught youth to "learn by doing." The yearly program in one of those early clubs consisted of growing corn, planting a garden, testing soil, club meetings, and visits to club members' plots and exhibits.

There was a close affiliation between the school and the home in this early 4-H program. Adults in the family were often persuaded to adopt new practices because of the successes experienced by the 4-H youth.

The first record of any known 4-H type activity was in 1898. Liberty Hyde Bailey of Cornell University inaugurated a system of junior naturalist leaflets in rural schools and assisted in the organization of nature study clubs.

A.B. Graham, a school principal in Springfield Township, Ohio, is usually given credit for the formation of clubs with formal organization requirements. In 1902 he formed a club of both boys and girls with officers, projects, meetings, and record requirements. (4-H identification wasn't yet used with these clubs.)

The year 1907 marked the beginning of 4-H work under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

In 1914 the Smith-Lever Act established Cooperative Extension, an organizational entity of the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the land-grant college system. The Cooperative Extension Service was to conduct educational programs of an "informal, non-resident, problem-oriented nature." Cooperative Extension provided the professional staff and support needed to direct the growth of the early 4-H program.

In 1915 there were 4-H clubs in 47 states. During World War I, the energies of 4-H members were devoted to raising food. Projects were raising corn and canning tomatoes. Following a period of readjustment after World War I, 4-H club work showed a continual growth. Some states developed 4-H programs in close relationship to local school districts. Others established clubs as community programs separate from schools.

The term 4-H was first used in a federal publication written in 1918 by Gertrude Warren, one of the pioneers of 4-H. In the early 1920s a group at a conference in Washington, D.C., discussed the need to give Boys' and Girls' Club work a distinctive name that could be used nationally. Several people favored 4-H as the name for the organization. In 1924, Boys' and Girls' Club work became known as 4-H. The pledge was adopted in 1927.

As the 4-H program continued to grow through the 1920s and 1930s more emphasis was placed on the development of the individual rather than the product produced. The focus of the program was the development of skills in farming and homemaking.

A major change occurred during World War II when much effort was directed toward victory gardens, civilian defense, salvage programs, and bond campaigns as well as food preservation. The victory garden program also brought 4-H to urban people.

The 1950s and 1960s saw increasing numbers of non-farm youth enrolling in the program. In 1948, 4-H went international with the establishment of the International Four-H Youth Exchange (IFYE, first called the International Farm Youth Exchange.)

Today Cooperative Extension and its 4-H programs serve people in towns, cities, and rural areas with information on agriculture, family living, community development, and related subjects.

This information was taken from the websites www.ext.nodak.edu/4h/history.htm and www.extension.iastate.edu/4h/history.html

FRICK HOSPITAL

In 1902 Frick Hospital was born.

The first tangible step toward establishing a hospital in Mount Pleasant came in 1900 when Jacob Justice, a Philadelphian who was born and educated in Mount Pleasant, bequeathed $76,000 from his estate to fund and operate a free dispensary in Mount Pleasant.

The leadership of area physicians including Dr. F. L. Marsh; his son, Dr. William Marsh; and his daughter-in-law, Dr. Mary Montgomery Marsh, helped to make the hospital a reality.

Through the generosity of benefactors such as Justice and Henry Clay Frick, Mount Pleasant Memorial Hospital opened its doors Jan. 21, 1904.

In October of 1904 the hospital established its own school of nursing. Dr. William Marsh founded the school and was an instructor for many years. The first class of three nurses graduated in 1907, and the school continued to operate until 1950.

As broad community support for the hospital continued and the patient load increased, the original building became obsolete. In the mid-1950s, the board began acquiring property for a new facility. In 1961, the hospital board was reorganized and expanded to include representatives from surrounding communities and the name was changed to Henry Clay Frick Community Hospital, reflecting the broader service area.

The new facility, built on the current site at 508 S. Church St., was dedicated in August 1965. Designed to accommodate new procedures in medical care, it was the first totally electric hospital in the nation. The new facility held 104 beds and 21 bassinets.

The 1970s focused on the expansion of the physical plant with another ground-breaking expansion taking place in 1975 for the North Wing. In the 1980s, the focus was on specialized patient services. In 1981, the Short Procedure Unit opened and in 1982 a Progressive Coronary Care unit was added.

In 1984 the Chemo Clinic opened and in 1984 the Endoscopy Lab was added. In 1990 Frick enhanced emergency care services for area residents by nearly doubling the size of the hospital's Emergency Department.

In July of 1995 a new obstetric nursery wing opened. It was a renovation of the existing area and in August of the same year an 18-bed skilled nursing unit was established.

The new surgical suite opened on Oct. 25, 1999, which included surgical areas, short procedure, anesthesia, endoscopy. post anesthesia recovery and central sterile supply services. This was a big capital project.

They added two new services in 2001. The patient transportation service was added in July and the sleep disorder center was opened in August.

In March of 2001 the Westmoreland Diagnostic Center was opened in Connellsville where blood drives and lab work is done.

In January of this year, the Women's Health Center opened in Connellsville and in June of this year the hospital enhanced it's bone density services and relocated to Mount Pleasant Westmoreland Diagnostic Center.

This information was taken from the public relations/marketing department of Frick Hospital

CARNEGIE FREE LIBRARY

In an article that appeared in the Oct. 24, 1902, addition of the Daily Courier, Carnegie Free Library in Connellsville announced that they would soon be ready for the reception of books in its cases.

But, the official 100th anniversary date for the library will be celebrated on April 30, 2003.

Members of the Connellsville community had an informal lending program of some kind, but they wanted an official library, according to Julia Allen, current director of the library.

Andrew Carnegie offered to build a library in town with the stipulation that he would build the building but it would be necessary for the municipality to maintain.

One hundred years ago there weren't too many ways to pass along information, besides through a book, so libraries were very popular. Also, the radio and television had not been invented and there wasn't too many forms of entertainment to take up time.

Allen feels the invention of the television had a big imprint on what people did with their time. Also, as years went by, people seemed to get busier.

Libraries have changed drastically during the past 25 years, said Allen. Now it's not just a place to get a book. It's also an information center.

Recently the reference room in the library was restored to what it looked like in 1903.

"We had a photograph and we decided to restore it to its original design when we had to renovate," said Allen.

Today the newest technology - computers - are housed in a room that looks exactly as it did in 1903, when computers would have been something that not one person ever thought about.

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