ShareThis Page
Arts & Entertainment

Warhol's 'Marilyn' exhibit: An icon who icons admire

| Wednesday, Nov. 3, 2010

A new exhibit at the Andy Warhol Museum probes the age-old question, what makes a legend most?

"Marilyn Monroe: Life as a Legend" explores the larger-than-life image of the 20th century's most famous female Hollywood icon, Marilyn Monroe, through more than 300 works, mostly photographs, as well as paintings, works on paper and in print.

Like James Dean before her, Monroe sealed our memory of her at the height of her fame when she died tragically in 1962 at the age of 36. The ultimate sex siren of the mid-20th century, by then she had come to epitomize beauty and especially glamour in the eyes of the American male as well as many females who emulated her. In fact, many still do.

Andy Warhol also idolized her, so it is only fitting the Warhol host what is the last stop of this traveling exhibit organized by Artoma, Hamburg, Germany.

"Andy started collecting photographs of movie stars when he was about 8 years old," says Warhol curator Eric Shiner. "He collected photographs of other movie stars as well, but Marilyn was by far the one who he collected the most of."

And that is what makes this exhibit a bit different than all of its previous iterations -- it contains 100 black-and-white photographs from Warhol's personal collection, including the 1953 publicity headshot by Frank Powolny that Warhol used to create his most important and most readily identifiable image of her, after her suicide in August 1962.

That source photograph is relatively hidden among half of Warhol's collection arranged in a grid-like pattern on one wall in a seventh-floor gallery. But there it is, complete with crop marks the artist made in preparation for the suite of large-scale screen prints he created posthumously, a full set of which "10 in all" hang on a wall nearby.

In fact, Warhol was so infatuated with Marilyn, that in 1982 he even posed as her for a photo shoot. The shot by Christopher Makos -- "Andy Warhol Looks Like Marilyn Monroe" (1982) -- hangs on a wall among several from a famous series of photographs Makos took of Warhol in the 1980s, called "Andy Warhol in Drag."

"The photo session included a lot of different looks, and in a lot of them Andy looks really matronly," Shiner says. "But when he put the blonde wig on he was told to channel Marilyn, and it became the most beautiful image out of the entire photo shoot. He actually does look feminine and pretty."

Just as Marilyn became a pop icon for a pop artist like Warhol to explore as subject matter, many of the artworks filter her through the eyes of famous artists themselves. For example, "Marilyn Liechtenstein" (2004) by En el Jardin de Hollywood places Monroe squarely in a canvas seemingly by Roy Lichtenstein. So, too, in "Marilyn Flowers" (2003) the artist depicts the icon among Warhol's famous "Flowers" painting from 1970.

Several of the artists chose to depict Marilyn at her most famous moments, such as Volker Hildebrandt's "Happy Birthday, Mr. President" (2004).

"This is the entire length of Marilyn Monroe singing Happy Birthday Mr. President, frame by frame," Shiner says. The rather small work, at a little over 2.5 feet by 2.5 feet square, contains 400 images in all.

These are just some of more than 50 works by as many artists in the show, some famous, but most not so.

"A lot of these artists are not internationally known," Shiner says. "You can tell that the collectors went around and looked a lot, and any time anything Marilyn came up they would support those artists and buy the work."

Of course, there are many well-known artists and photographers who are represented here, such as abstract expressionist Willem de Kooning and pop artists Peter Blake and Mel Ramos.

Ramos has three pieces in the show -- "Peek-A-Boo I, II, and III" -- that each visualize Monroe nude, but in more of a contemporary context, as opposed to the original 1949 photo shoot by Tom Kelly of Monroe nude, which eventually made its way into Playboy magazine's first issue in 1953.

Here visitors can compare Monroe in the truest sense of female physical beauty, in the buff, as they say -- the original versus the imagined.

"When you think about morphing body types over decades, what was in the 1950s is certainly different than what was attractive in the 1970s," Shiner says. "These artists are thinking about what's hot today, because as they are trying to put forth the ideal of beauty, which (in this case) is Marilyn, they might morph her as time goes on."

Still, Shiner says there will never be another Marilyn Monroe, as shown by this all-star list of renowned and diverse artists paying tribute to America's favorite sex symbol.

"She was a world-famous icon that everyone loved, especially Andy Warhol."

Additional Information:

'Marilyn Monroe: Life as a Legend'

When: Through January 2. Hours: 10 a.m.-5 p.m. Tuesdays-Sundays; until 8 p.m. Fridays

Admission: $15; $9 for senior citizens; $8 for children and students

Where: Andy Warhol Museum, 117 Sandusky St., North Side

Details: 412-237-8300 or website

TribLIVE commenting policy

You are solely responsible for your comments and by using TribLive.com you agree to our Terms of Service.

We moderate comments. Our goal is to provide substantive commentary for a general readership. By screening submissions, we provide a space where readers can share intelligent and informed commentary that enhances the quality of our news and information.

While most comments will be posted if they are on-topic and not abusive, moderating decisions are subjective. We will make them as carefully and consistently as we can. Because of the volume of reader comments, we cannot review individual moderation decisions with readers.

We value thoughtful comments representing a range of views that make their point quickly and politely. We make an effort to protect discussions from repeated comments either by the same reader or different readers

We follow the same standards for taste as the daily newspaper. A few things we won't tolerate: personal attacks, obscenity, vulgarity, profanity (including expletives and letters followed by dashes), commercial promotion, impersonations, incoherence, proselytizing and SHOUTING. Don't include URLs to Web sites.

We do not edit comments. They are either approved or deleted. We reserve the right to edit a comment that is quoted or excerpted in an article. In this case, we may fix spelling and punctuation.

We welcome strong opinions and criticism of our work, but we don't want comments to become bogged down with discussions of our policies and we will moderate accordingly.

We appreciate it when readers and people quoted in articles or blog posts point out errors of fact or emphasis and will investigate all assertions. But these suggestions should be sent via e-mail. To avoid distracting other readers, we won't publish comments that suggest a correction. Instead, corrections will be made in a blog post or in an article.

click me